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Effect of vaccination of pregnant beef heifers on the concentrations of serum IgG and specific antibodies to bovine herpesvirus 1, bovine viral diarrhea virus 1, and bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 in heifers and calves.
Can J Vet Res ; 83(4): 313-316, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571732
ABSTRACT
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of late-gestation vaccination of beef heifers with 2 doses of a killed-virus (KV) vaccine containing bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1), and bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 (BVDV-2) on the serum concentrations of antibody against BoHV-1, BVDV-1, and BVDV-2 in heifers and their calves and on the IgG concentration in the calves. Of the 47 pregnant beef heifers selected, 26 received 2 doses of the vaccine at 6.5 to 8 mo of gestation (at pregnancy check), and 21 received 2 doses of saline. The mean log2 serum titers of neutralizing antibody against BoHV-1, BVDV-1, and BVDV-2 before vaccination did not differ significantly between the treatment groups; however, at calving all 3 mean titers were significantly greater (P < 0.05) in the vaccinated heifers than in the control heifers. At 24 h after birth the mean serum IgG levels in the calves did not differ significantly between the 2 groups, at 30.18 and 32.28 g/L, respectively (P < 0.05); however, the mean log2 serum titers of antibody to all 3 viruses were greater in the calves nursing colostrum from the vaccinated heifers than in the calves nursing colostrum from the nonvaccinated heifers and significantly so for BoHV-1 and BVDV-1 (P < 0.001 and P = 0.009, respectively). Thus, late-gestation vaccination of beef heifers could result in a greater and more consistent deposition of specific antibodies in colostrum, reducing the variability of initial titers in calves and increasing the duration of maternal immunity.
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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Imunoglobulina G / Vacinas Virais / Doenças dos Bovinos / Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina / Herpesvirus Bovino 1 / Anticorpos Antivirais Limite: Animais / Gravidez Idioma: Inglês Revista: Can J Vet Res Assunto da revista: Medicina Veterinária Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo