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Triggered All-Active Metal Organic Framework: Ferroptosis Machinery Contributes to the Apoptotic Photodynamic Antitumor Therapy.
Nano Lett ; 19(11): 7866-7876, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594301
ABSTRACT
Nanoscale photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an appealing antitumor modality for which apoptosis is the major mechanism of toxicity induction. It was postulated that the highly reactive singlet oxygen in PDT could deplete glutathione (GSH) and activate ferroptosis, the extent to which could be further manipulated by a redox-responsive nanocarrier. To validate this, a disulfide-bearing imidazole ligand coordinated with zinc to form an all-active metal organic framework (MOF) nanocarrier where a photosensitizer (chlorin e6/Ce6) was encapsulated. Regardless of light irradiation, the Ce6-loaded nanocarrier caused the depletion of intracellular GSH via the disulfide-thiol exchange reaction in a murine mammary carcinoma cell line (4T1). The GSH depletion further caused the inactivation of glutathione peroxide 4 (GPX4) and the enhancement of cytotoxicity that was alleviated by ferroptosis inhibitors. The superior in vivo antitumor efficacy of the all-active nanocarrier was corroborated in a 4T1 tumor-bearing mice model regarding tumor growth suppression and animal survival rate. The coadministration of an iron chelator weakened the antitumor potency of the nanocarrier due to ferroptosis inhibition, which was supported by the fact of tumor growth upsurge and the recovered GPX4 activity. The current work highlights the contribution of ferroptotic machinery to antitumor PDT via an activatable, adaptable, all-active MOF nanocarrier.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Nano Lett Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China