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Therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1144-1150, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618328
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

In view of the high incidence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and the unsatisfactory therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide or clomifene citrate alone, our study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate in the treatment of PCOS.

METHODS:

A total of 79 patients with POCS and 35 healthy females were included, and endometrial biopsies were obtained. The sterol regulatory element-binding protein-1 (SREBP1) expression in endometrial tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. POC patients were randomly divided into group A (n=40) and group B (n=39). Patients in group A were treated with dimethyldiguanide combined with clomifene citrate, while patients in group B were treated with clomifene citrate alone. The number of mature follicles and cervical mucus score, follicular development rate and single follicle ovulation rate, cycle pregnancy rate, early miscarriage rate, ovulation rate, endometrial thickness, positive rate of three lines sign, follicle stimulating hormone level and luteinizing hormone level were compared between the two groups.

RESULTS:

The expression level of SREBP1 was higher in PCOS patients than that in the healthy control. SREBP1 expression was inhibited after treatment, while the inhibitory effects of combined treatment were stronger than those of clomifene citrate alone. Compared with clomifene citrate alone, the combined treatment improved cervical mucus score, follicle development rate, single follicle ovulation rate, endometrial thickness, positive rate of three lines sign, and follicle-stimulating hormone level.

CONCLUSION:

The therapeutic effect of combined treatment is better than clomifene citrate alone in the treatment of PCOS.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Síndrome do Ovário Policístico / Clomifeno / Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina / Hipoglicemiantes / Metformina Aspecto clínico: Terapia Limite: Adulto / Feminino / Humanos / Jovem adulto Idioma: Inglês Revista: Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China