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Use of antibiotics in the health care unit: 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 92, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644723
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the use of the first dose of antibiotics in the health care unit in children from the 2015 Pelotas Birth Cohort at 24 months.

METHODS:

A total of 4,014 children were monitored. We used descriptive statistics and Poisson regression to analyze the association between socioeconomic and demographic variables, participation in daycare units, in the activities of the Pastoral da Criança and in the Primeira Infância Melhor program, low birth weight, hospitalization between 12 and 24 months, place of medical appointment, prevalence of medical appointment in the last 30 days, prescription of antibiotics, and administration of the first dose in the health care unit.

RESULTS:

A total of 1,044 children had medical appointments in the last 30 days, of which 45% were prescribed antibiotics and only 10.5% were administered the first dose of this medication in the health care unit. Children with brown, yellow or indigenous skin color were administered 2.5 times more antibiotics than white children. Children whose mothers had 12 years or more of education were administered 83.0% fewer antibiotics than those whose mothers had up to 4 years of education. Among those who were hospitalized for 12 to 24 months, the use of antibiotics was almost four times higher than among those who were not. Among the children served by the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS), only 15.3% were administered the first dose of antibiotic in the health care unit. When compared with children served by private health care or health plan, administration of the first dose in the SUS was 76.0% higher.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite the efforts related to the Pastoral da Criança campaign "Antibiotic: first dose immediately," adherence to the provision of antibiotics in the health care unit is still low. Strategies are necessary and urgent so children have access to the first dose of antibiotics in the health care unit.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde / Antibacterianos Tipo de estudo: Estudo de coorte Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Adulto / Criança, pré-escolar / Feminino / Humanos / Lactente / Masculino / Jovem adulto País/Região como assunto: América do Sul / Brasil Idioma: Inglês / Português Revista: Rev Saude Publica Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil