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BRMS1 downregulation is a poor prognostic biomarker in anaplastic thyroid carcinoma patients.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 6937-6945, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695409


Anaplastic thyroid carcinoma (ATC) is the most aggressive cancer in humans with no optimal treatment strategy available. The molecular mechanisms of ATC remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic value and role of BRMS1 in the progression of ATC.


BRMS1 expression was examined in thyroid cell lines using Western blot analysis. Immunohistochemistry was also performed to assess BRMS1 expression in ATC and papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) tissue. Cell proliferation assays, colony formation analysis, cell migration assays, cell apoptosis analysis, and animal studies were used to examine the effects of BRMS1 expression on ATC progression.


The expression of BRMS1 was significantly lower in ATC than in PTC and was associated with poor prognosis in ATC patients. Downregulation of BRMS1 expression promoted the proliferation and migration of 8505C cells and decreased their expression of CX43. Over-expressed BRMS1 promoted the apoptosis and impaired the proliferation and migration of CAL-62 cells via upregulated CX43. In vivo, BRMS1 significantly promoted apoptosis and impaired cell proliferation.


Taken together, these findings demonstrate that decreased expression of BRMS1 is a poor prognostic biomarker in ATC patients. BRMS1 significantly promoted apoptosis and impaired cell proliferation via CX43 and P53. Loss of BRMS1 expression is therefore, one of the key pathomechanisms in ATC.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: Onco Targets Ther Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo