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Phasic GABA signaling mediates the protective effects of cTBS against cerebral ischemia in mice.
Neurosci Lett ; 715: 134611, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698026
ABSTRACT
Continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) has been widely recognized as a therapeutic treatment for ischemic stroke, but the underlying mechanism is still elusive. Here, we investigated the protective effects of cTBS in the posterior parietal cortex during the chronic phase of stroke in the photothrombotic ischemic model. Infarction volume and neuron excitability in the peri-infarct area were assessed using immunohistochemistry and whole-cell patch-clamp. Spatial cognitive function was measured using the Morris water maze. Gamma-Amino butyric acid (GABA) interneurons were responsive to cTBS, and cTBS induced elevated phasic inhibition rather than tonic inhibition. Given that GABA-A-mediated phasic inhibition was elevated during the chronic phase of ischemic stroke for 30 days and was beneficial for stroke recovery, we investigated the therapeutic potential of cTBS in promoting functional recovery and found that the elevated phasic inhibition by cTBS improved spatial cognitive function in the photothrombotic stroke mouse model with induction in the posterior parietal cortex. Our study indicates the mechanism by which cTBS may modify the excitability of the brain cortex and provides novel insight into the potential of cTBS to protect against neuronal dysfunction in ischemic stroke.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Neurosci Lett Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo