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Association between Depression and Renal Hyperfiltration in a General Chinese Population.
Kidney Blood Press Res ; 44(6): 1441-1452, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31734665
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Depression is prevalent in patients with all stages of CKD and is associated with adverse outcome. Abnormally elevated GFR, or hyperfiltration, may play a crucial role in the initiation and progression of CKD. However, the association between depression and hyperfiltration is not known. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between depression and hyperfiltration.

METHODS:

This was an observational cross-sectional study. A total of 3,716 volunteers (1,303 males and 2,413 females) aged 40-75 years without CKD from a community in China were included for the study. Depressive symptoms and the presence of a minor or major depressive episode were assessed with the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th edition)-based structured interview, respectively.

RESULTS:

The mean age of the participants in the present study was 53.8 ± 9.0 years. 115 participants had clinically relevant depression, and 122 participants had a minor or major depressive episode. In a multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for potential confounders, the association between clinically relevant depression and renal hyperfiltration remained significant in men but not in women. As compared with men without depression (PHQ <5) or depressive episodes, those with clinically relevant depression (PHQ ≥10) had a significantly higher risk of renal hyperfiltration. The fully adjusted OR (95% CI) was 4.81 (1.62-14.30, p = 0.005), those with a major depressive episode had a higher risk of renal hyperfiltration (OR 7.45; 95% CI 2.04-27.21, p = 0.002).

CONCLUSION:

Depressive symptoms and major depressive episodes are associated with renal hyperfiltration in middle-aged and elderly Chinese men without CKD. Future studies are needed to verify and clarify the role of depression in the development of abnormally high eGFR and CKD.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Kidney Blood Press Res Assunto da revista: Nefrologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China