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Impact of sarcopenia and its diagnostic criteria on hospitalization and mortality in chronic hemodialysis patients: A 3-year longitudinal study.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2019 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31744647
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND/

PURPOSE:

Sarcopenia is prevalent in chronic hemodialysis patients. This prospective cohort study evaluated the impact of sarcopenia and its diagnostic criteria on hospitalization and mortality in 126 chronic hemodialysis patients.

METHODS:

Skeletal muscle mass, handgrip strength (HGS), gait speed, and blood parameters were assessed. Sarcopenia was evaluated using the criteria of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People and the Taiwanese criteria for Sarcopenia. Muscle quality was defined as HGS divided by mid-arm muscle circumference.

RESULTS:

Prevalences of uremic sarcopenia were 8.7% and 13.5% according to Taiwanese and European criteria, respectively. Low HGS and gait speed were much more prevalent than low muscle mass. Within 3 years, 79 (62.7%) patients were hospitalized and 26 (20.6%) died. Low HGS and slow gait speed were associated with hospitalization and mortality, while sarcopenia was associated with mortality but not with hospitalization. Notably, in our patients without sarcopenia, close associations between increased hospitalization and mortality risk with low HGS and slow gait speed remained unchanged. In Cox proportional hazard analysis, muscle quality [hazard ratio (HR) = 0.42, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.19-0.93, p = 0.032] and serum creatinine (HR = 0.82, 95% CI = 0.71-0.95, p = 0.009) were independently associated with composite outcome of hospitalization or death.

CONCLUSION:

Muscle functionality and quality can predict hospitalization and overall survival in chronic hemodialysis patients, better than muscle mass.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Assunto da revista: Medicina Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo