Your browser doesn't support javascript.
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Preventable risk factors for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between adherence to nutrition-based guidelines for cancer prevention and CLL, in the MCC-Spain case-control study.

METHODS:

A total of 318 CLL cases and 1293 population-based controls were included in the present study. The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRC/AICR) score based on the 2018 recommendations for cancer prevention (on body fatness, physical activity, and diet) was constructed. We used logistic regression analysis adjusting for potential confounders.

RESULTS:

Individuals in the highest tertile of the WCRF/AICR score had an odds ratio for CLL of 1.25 (95 % CI 0.91; 1.73) compared with individuals with low adherence (p-trend = 0.172). Each point increment in the score was associated with an OR for CLL of 1.06 (95 % CI 0.91; 1.23). Analyses by severity of disease did not show significant heterogeneity of effects.

CONCLUSION:

Overall, our results do not support an association between the WCRF/AICR score and CLL, yet we might have been limited by statistical power and study design to detect modest associations. Further research, ideally with a prospective design, long follow-up, and including additional lymphoma subtypes, is warranted to confirm the impact of composite healthy lifestyle behaviors on lymphoma risk.

Similares

MEDLINE

...
LILACS

LIS

Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Guia de prática clínica Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Revista: Cancer Epidemiol Assunto da revista: Epidemiologia / Neoplasias Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo