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Isosteroid alkaloids from Fritillaria cirrhosa bulbus as inhibitors of cigarette smoke-induced oxidative stress.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104434, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760067
ABSTRACT
Fritillaria cirrhosa bulbus is a Chinese folk herb famous for its antitussive, expectorant, anti-asthma and anti-inflammatory properties, and is widely used to treat respiratory diseases. However, the impacts of F. cirrhosa bulbus on oxidative stress are still unkown. In the present study, we investigated the potential effect and mechanism of six isosteroid alkaloids with different chemical structures from F. cirrhosa bulbus on protection against cigarette smoke-induced oxidative stress in RAW264.7 macrophages. The results showed that six isosteroid alkaloids reduced reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, elevated glutathione (GSH) level and promoted heme oxygenase (HO-1) expression, which is in association with induction of NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) nuclear translocation and up-regulation of Nrf2 expression. Among these alkaloids, verticinone, verticine, imperialine-3-ß-D-glucoside, delavine and peimisine exhibited more potent effect against CSE-induced oxidative stress than that of imperialine. These findings for the first time demonstrated that F. cirrhosa bulbus may play a protective role in cellular oxidative stress by activating Nrf2-mediated antioxidant pathway. Furthermore, the differences in antioxidant effects of these alkaloids were compared, as well as the corresponding structure-activity relationships were preliminarily elucidated. This suggested that F. cirrhosa bulbus might be a promising therapeutic treatment for the prevent of oxidative stress-related diseases.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Fumaça / Estresse Oxidativo / Fritillaria / Alcaloides Limite: Animais Idioma: Inglês Revista: Fitoterapia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China