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Dietary riboflavin deficiency promotes N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine-induced esophageal tumorigenesis in rats by inducing chronic inflammation.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(11): 2469-2481, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815047
ABSTRACT
Epidemiological studies in high-incidence areas of esophageal cancer in China suggest that environmental carcinogen N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA) and riboflavin (RBF) deficiency may be the main risk factors for esophageal cancer. However, it is not clear that the combination induces cancer. Here, experiment (Exp) 1 evaluated the effects of NMBA and RBF deficiency individually or in combination on esophageal tumorigenesis. Male F344 rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups into a 2 (no NMBA vs. NMBA) × 2 (normal RBF vs. RBF-deficient) factorial design, including normal RBF (6 mg/kg, R6), RBF-deficient (0 mg/kg, R0), normal RBF combined with NMBA (R6N), and RBF-deficient combined with NMBA (R0N) groups. The Exp 2 explored the effects of RBF deficiency at different doses combined with NMBA (0.6 mg/kg, R0.6N; 0.06 mg/kg, R0.06N) on esophageal tumorigenesis. Results showed that R0N enhanced the incidence of esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN, 53.3%, P = 0.06), including carcinoma in situ, whereas R6N mainly induced the occurrence of esophageal benign hyperplasia (38.9%) and EIN (16.7%). RBF deficiency promotes EIN in a dose-dependent manner, and R0.06N significantly increases the incidence of EIN (57.9%, P < 0.05). Gene expression profiling demonstrated that inflammatory cytokines were highly expressed in R0N EIN tissues, whereas R6N EIN tissues had a proliferation and differentiation gene signature (fold-change > 1.5). Furthermore, RBF deficiency aggravated oxidative DNA damage (8-OHdG) and double-strand breaks (γH2AX) (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that RBF deficiency causes chronic inflammation-associated genomic instability contributes to NMBA-induced esophageal tumorigenesis.

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Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Am J Cancer Res Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China