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Protectin DX attenuates IL-1ß-induced inflammation via the AMPK/NF-κB pathway in chondrocytes and ameliorates osteoarthritis progression in a rat model.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 78: 106043, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31837574
ABSTRACT
Protectin DX (PDX) has been reported to have extensive anti-inflammatory effects. However, it is unknown whether PDX acts as an anti-inflammatory agent in the context of osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of PDX in vitro and in vivo in a model of OA. Primary rat chondrocytes were preincubated with PDX 1 h prior to IL-1ß treatment for 24 h. We found that PDX was nontoxic, and pretreatment with PDX increased cell viability in IL-1ß-induced chondrocytes. Preincubation with PDX also efficiently inhibited the degradation of type II collagen dose-dependently. Additionally, the expression of MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS4, iNOS, COX-2, NO, and PGE2 decreased after IL-1ß stimulation when cells were preincubated with PDX. Moreover, PDX inhibited the increase in phosphorylated NF-κB p65 and IκBα upon IL-1ß stimulation, and the negative effects of IL-1ß on chondrocytes were partially blocked by treatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), a selective NF-κB inhibitor. In addition, we found that PDX increased AMPK phosphorylation in IL-1ß-mediated chondrocytes. The phosphorylation of AMPK could be inhibited by compound C, a classic AMPK inhibitor. Compound C also remarkably reversed the decrease in p65 phosphorylation and MMP-13 expression caused by PDX. Furthermore, nuclear translocation of NF-κB was visible by immunofluorescence after PDX-induced AMPK activation. Additionally, we verified that PDX ameliorated cartilage degradation in monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA rats through histological evaluation and ELISA of TNF-α in the serum and intra-articular lavage fluid. In conclusion, we have shown that PDX suppresses inflammation in chondrocytes in vitro and in vivo, likely through the AMPK/NF-κB signaling pathway. Our results suggest that PDX could be a useful novel therapeutic agent for OA treatment.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Int Immunopharmacol Assunto da revista: Alergia e Imunologia / Farmacologia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo