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Manifestations of Skull Base IgG4-Related Disease: A Multi-Institutional Study.
Laryngoscope ; 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841234
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognized disease characterized by fibroinflammatory infiltrates rich in IgG4+ plasma cells that can present as isolated tumor-like lesions of the head and neck. The objective of the current study was to describe the cranial base manifestations of IgG4-RD.

METHODS:

Review of all cases at three tertiary-referral centers since disease description in 2003.

RESULTS:

Eleven patients were identified at a median age at presentation of 58 years (IQR, 38-65; 55% male). Ten (91%) patients had isolated skull base masses without systemic disease. Cranial neuropathies were commonly observed in the abducens (45%), trigeminal (18%), and facial nerves (18%). Lesions frequently involved the cavernous sinus (55%; 6/11) with extension to the petroclival junction in 50% (3/6). Infiltration of the internal auditory canal was present in 27% (3/11) with one case demonstrating erosion of the bony labyrinth. Preliminary clinical diagnoses commonly included nasopharyngeal cancer, pituitary macroadenoma, cholesteatoma, and meningioma / multiple meningioma syndrome. Local biopsy demonstrated >30 IgG4-positive plasma cells per high-powered field or an IgG4IgG ratio greater than 40% in all cases. Rapid and durable clinical improvement was seen in 91% following corticosteroid and rituximab therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

IgG4-RD nonspecifically presents as a rare cause of the skull base mass. Often presenting without concomitant systemic disease, local diagnostic biopsies are required. Obtaining adequate tissue specimen is complicated by densely fibrotic cranial base lesions that are frequently in close proximity to critical neurovascular structures. Primary medical therapy with corticosteroids and rituximab is effective in most patients. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE 4 Laryngoscope, 2019.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Assunto da revista: Otorrinolaringologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos