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[Mechanisms for the Development of Blood Pressure Variability and the Potential of Antihypertensive Drugs in Their Correction].
Kardiologiia ; 59(11): 56-65, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849300
Blood pressure variability (BPV) is the fluctuations of blood pressure over a certain period of time under the influence of various factors. The issue of increased BPV is of particular clinical importance due to high predictive value of this parameter as a risk factor for fatal and non-fatal cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal events. It is proved that in the BPV increasing, the key role is played by impairments in arterial baroreflexes, which, in turn, are mediated by increased vascular stiffness, impact of angiotensin II and the sympathetic nervous system, endothelial dysfunction, nitric oxide deficiency and aging, including the vascular aging. Antihypertensive drugs that targeting largest amount of pathophysiological mechanisms in BPV increasing have a most advantages in correcting excessive pressure fluctuations. In this regard such drugs are perindopril and amlodipine, which can eliminate almost the entire spectrum of increased BPV causes and, therefore, optimally reduce the cardiovascular risk.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Hipertensão / Anti-Hipertensivos Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico / Terapia Limite: Humanos Idioma: Russo Revista: Kardiologiia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo