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Indexing k-mers in linear space for quality value compression.
J Bioinform Comput Biol ; 17(5): 1940011, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856669
ABSTRACT
Many bioinformatics tools heavily rely on k-mer dictionaries to describe the composition of sequences and allow for faster reference-free algorithms or look-ups. Unfortunately, naive k-mer dictionaries are very memory-inefficient, requiring very large amount of storage space to save each k-mer. This problem is generally worsened by the necessity of an index for fast queries. In this work, we discuss how to build an indexed linear reference containing a set of input k-mers and its application to the compression of quality scores in FASTQ files. Most of the entropies of sequencing data lie in the quality scores, and thus they are difficult to compress. Here, we present an application to improve the compressibility of quality values while preserving the information for SNP calling. We show how a dictionary of significant k-mers, obtained from SNP databases and multiple genomes, can be indexed in linear space and used to improve the compression of quality value. Availability: The software is freely available at https://github.com/yhhshb/yalff.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Bioinform Comput Biol Assunto da revista: Biologia / Informática Médica Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Itália