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Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes.
Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res ; 19(6): 663-676, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859542


Health anxiety, also known as 'hypochondriasis', is a common, distressing and costly condition that responds to cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) but evidence pertaining to response and remission rates, treatment in routine care, therapist-guided Internet-delivered CBT (ICBT) and health economics has not been systematically reviewed.Areas covered: In this systematic review and meta-analysis we searched PubMed, PsycINFO, and OATD (17/06/2019) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing CBT to non-CBT controls for health anxiety. Based on 19 RCTs, the pooled between-group effect on health anxiety was moderate to large (g = 0.79; 95% CI: 0.57-1.01; adjusted for publication bias: g = 0.62), with small to moderate effects on secondary symptoms and effects largely sustained 12-18 months after treatment. Moderators were control condition and recruitment path, but not treatment setting. The pooled CBT response rate was 66%, and the remission rate 48%. ICBT had effects comparable to face-to-face CBT. CBT for health anxiety is probably cost-effective, but with limited effect on the quality of life.Expert opinion: CBT is a highly efficacious and probably cost-effective treatment for health anxiety. We recommend that ICBT is implemented more widely, and that health economic outcomes and ways of increasing response and remission rates are explored further.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental / Hipocondríase Tipo de estudo: Guia de prática clínica / Avaliação econômica em saúde / Revisão sistemática Aspecto clínico: Terapia Limite: Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Assunto da revista: Farmacologia Ano de publicação: 2019 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Suécia