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In Vitro Analysis of the Combinatory Effects of Novel Aminonaphthoquinone Derivatives and Curcumin on Breast Cancer Progression.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 229-238, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892571
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM:

We previously reported the potential of aminonaphthoquinone derivatives as therapeutic agents against breast and other oestrogen-responsive tumours when combined with curcumin. This study aimed at screening of novel aminonaphthoquinone derivatives (Rau 008, Rau 010, Rau 015 and Rau 018) combined with curcumin for cytotoxic, anti-angiogenic and anti-metastatic effects on MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Cytotoxic and anti-angiogenic effects were analysed using the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; while anti-metastatic effects were measured using adhesion assay, Boyden chambers and Matrigel.

RESULTS:

Curcumin combined with Rau 008 elicited marked cytotoxic effects in MCF-7 cells compared with the individual treatments, whereas when it was combined with Rau 015 and with Rau 018, it displayed similar effects in MDA-MB-231 cells. The anti-angiogenic effect of Rau 015 plus curcumin in MCF-7 cells and Rau 018 plus curcumin in MDA-MB-231 cells was more effective than individual treatments, while the metastatic capability of MDA-MB-231 cells was significantly reduced after treatment with the aminonaphthoquinone-curcumin combinations.

CONCLUSION:

Aminonaphthoquinones may offer significant promise as therapeutic agents against breast cancer, particularly when combined with curcumin.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Neoplasias da Mama / Naftoquinonas / Progressão da Doença / Curcumina Aspecto clínico: Terapia Limite: Feminino / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Anticancer Res Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: África do Sul