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Clevidipine use after first-line treatment failure for perioperative hypertension in neurosurgical patients: A single-center experience.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18541, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895792
ABSTRACT
Perioperative hypertension is a common occurrence in the neurosurgical population, where 60% to 90% of the patients require treatment for blood pressure (BP) control. Nicardipine and clevidipine have been commonly used in neurocritical settings. This retrospective, observational study assessed the effectivity of the administration of clevidipine after nicardipine treatment failure in neurosurgical patients.We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of adult patients who were admitted to our neurosurgical department and received clevidipine after nicardipine treatment failure for the control of BP. The primary effectivity outcome was the comparison of the percentage of time spent at targeted SBP goals during nicardipine and clevidipine administration, respectively.A total of 12 adult patients treated with clevidipine after nicardipine treatment failure and were included for data analysis. The median number of events that required dose-titration was 20.5 vs 17 during the administration of nicardipine and clevidipine, respectively (P = .534). The median percentage of time spent at targeted SBP goal was 76.2% during the administration of nicardipine and 93.4% during the administration of clevidipine (P = .123).Our study suggests that clevidipine could be an alternative effective drug with an acceptable benefit/risk ratio in the neurosurgical population that fails to achieve BP control with nicardipine treatment.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Piridinas / Bloqueadores dos Canais de Cálcio / Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos / Hipertensão / Complicações Intraoperatórias Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Terapia Limite: Feminino / Humanos / Masculino / Meia-Idade Idioma: Inglês Revista: Medicine (Baltimore) Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo