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Over-expression of EGFR regulated by RARA contributes to 5-FU resistance in colon cancer.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(1): 156-177, 2020 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31896739
ABSTRACT
A promising new strategy for cancer therapy is to target the autophagic pathway. However, comprehensive characterization of autophagy genes and their clinical relevance in cancer is still lacking. Here, we systematically characterized alterations of autophagy genes in multiple cancer lines by analyzing data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and CellMiner database. Interactions between autophagy genes and clinically actionable genes (CAGs) were identified by analyzing co-expression, protein-protein interactions (PPIs) and transcription factor (TF) data. A key subnetwork was identified that included 18 autophagy genes and 22 CAGs linked by 28 PPI pairs and 1 TF-target pair, which was EGFR targeted by RARA. Alterations in the expression of autophagy genes were associated with patient survival in multiple cancer types. RARA and EGFR were associated with worse survival in colorectal cancer patients. The regulatory role of EGFR in 5-FU resistance was validated in colon cancer cells in vivo and in vitro. EGFR contributed to 5-FU resistance in colon cancer cells through autophagy induction, and EGFR overexpression in 5-FU resistant colon cancer was regulated by RARA. The present study provides a comprehensive analysis of autophagy in different cancer cell lines and highlights the potential clinical utility of targeting autophagy genes.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Aging (Albany NY) Assunto da revista: Geriatria Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo