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Construction and characterization of a chimeric lysin ClyV with improved bactericidal activity against Streptococcus agalactiae in vitro and in vivo.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(4): 1609-1619, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31900556
ABSTRACT
The emergence of antibiotic-resistant beta-hemolytic Streptococcus agalactiae strains poses increasing threat to human beings globally. As an attempt to create a novel lysin with improved activity against S. agalactiae, a chimeric lysin, ClyV, was constructed by fusing the enzymatically active domain (EAD) from PlyGBS lysin (GBS180) and the cell wall binding domain (CBD) from PlyV12 lysin (V12CBD). Plate lysis assay combined with lytic kinetic analysis demonstrated that ClyV has improved activity than its parental enzymatic domain GBS180 against multiple streptococci. Biochemical characterization showed that ClyV is active from pH 7 to 10, with the optimum pH of 9, and is stable under NaCl concentration of < 500 mM. In a S. agalactiae infection model, a single intraperitoneally administration of 0.1 mg/mouse of ClyV protected 100% mice, while it was observed that ~ 29% survive in group that received a single dose of 0.1 mg/mouse of GBS180. Moreover, a high dose of 0.8 mg/mouse ClyV did not show any adverse effects to the health or survival rate of the mice. Considering the robust bactericidal activity and good safety profile of ClyV, it represents a potential candidate for the treatment of S. agalactiae infections.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Appl Microbiol Biotechnol Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China