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Proteomics and Immunology Provide Insight into the Degradation Mechanism of Historic and Artificially Aged Silk.
Anal Chem ; 92(3): 2435-2442, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31904935
ABSTRACT
The process and mechanism of silk degradation is still a bewildering mystery in the investigation and conservation of cultural relics, which rely on the development of accurate and tailored analysis technologies. Here, two advanced approaches, proteomics and immunology, were developed for determining the deterioration behavior of historic silk fabrics and artificially aged samples from the molecular to the holistic level. The surface morphology and secondary structure of silk were destroyed during degradation. Subsequently, the proteomics and immunology analysis demonstrated a new degradation model differing from previous reports. First, the amorphous region and the looser crystalline regions were destroyed together, and the macromolecular chains were broken randomly. Then, the tight ß-sheet blocks in the crystalline region were exposed and deteriorated, which expedited the degradation of tight ß-sheet blocks and relatively loose blocks in the crystalline domain as well as the amorphous domain, ultimately yielding small molecule polypeptides. However, the deterioration process of ancient fabrics could be accelerated by poor burial conditions, thus showing distinct destructive characteristics. Overall, the results gave us a more comprehensive and profound understanding of the degradation process of ancient silk.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Anal Chem Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China