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Genetic profiling and cardiovascular phenotypic spectrum in a Chinese cohort of Loeys-Dietz syndrome patients.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 6, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915033
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Loeys-Dietz syndrome (LDS) is a rare connective tissue disorder for which 6 genes in the TGF-ß pathway have been identified as causative. With the widespread use of genetic testing, the range of known clinical and genetic profiles has broadened, but these features have not been fully elucidated thus far.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Using gene panel sequencing or whole exome sequencing, we identified 54 unique rare variants in LDS genes in 57 patients with thoracic aneurysms/dissections, including 27 pathogenic mutations (P + LP) and 27 variants of unknown significance (VUSLP + VUS). Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis revealed that carriers with P/LP/ VUSLP variants in TGFBR1/TGFBR2/SMAD3 genes had significantly more severe cardiovascular features (cardiovascular death/dissection) than carriers with VUSs in these 3 genes at an early age and had less favorable event-free survival. Additionally, carriers with VUS in combination with other risk factors, such as hypertension, might be prone to developing an aortic dissection, as indicated by the fact that 5/8 (62.5%) patients with VUSs in our cohort developed aortic dissections in the presence of hypertension, compared with 25.0% (3/12) in the absence of hypertension (p = 0.047).

CONCLUSIONS:

To date, this was the largest cohort of LDS patients ever reported in China, and the present study expanded the known mutation and phenotypic spectra of LDS, which might help refine our knowledge of LDS.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Orphanet J Rare Dis Assunto da revista: Medicina Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo