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Helical tomotherapy with a complete-directional-complete block technique effectively reduces cardiac and lung dose for left-sided breast cancer.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1108): 20190792, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939310
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

To evaluate the feasibility and optimal restricted angle of the complete-directional-complete block (CDCB) technique in helical tomotherapy (HT) by including regional nodal irradiation (RNI) with the internal mammary node (IMN) in left-sided breast cancer.

METHODS:

Ten left-sided breast cancer patients treated with 50 Gy in 25 fractions were compared with five-field intensity-modulated radiation therapy (5F-IMRT) and six types of HT plans. In the HT plans, complete block (CB), organ-based directional block (OBDB) and CDCB with different restricted angles were used.

RESULTS:

The conformity index (CI) between the CDCB0,10,15,20 and 5F-IMRT groups was similar. Compared to CB, OBDB and 5F-IMRT, CDCB20 resulted in a decreased ipsilateral mean lung dose. The low-dose region (V5) of the ipsilateral lung in OBDB (84.0%) was the highest among all techniques (p < 0.001). The mean dose of the heart in CB was significantly reduced (by 11.5-22.4%) compared with other techniques. The V30 of the heart in CDCB20 (1.9%) was significantly lower than that of CB, OBDB and 5F-IMRT. Compared to the mean dose of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery of 5F-IMRT (27.0 Gy), CDCB0, CDCB10, CDCB15, CDCB20 and OBDB reduced the mean dose effectively by 31.7%, 38.3%, 39.6%, 42.0 and 56.2%, respectively. Considering the parameters of the organs-at-risk (OARs), CDCB10,15,20 had higher expectative values than the other techniques (p = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

HT with the CDCB technique is feasible for treating left-sided breast cancer patients. The CDCB10-20 techniques not only achieved similar planning target volume coverage, homogeneity and dose conformity but also allowed better sparing of the heart and bilateral lungs. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE For left-sided breast cancer patients whose RNI field includes the IMN, heart avoidance is an important issue. The CDCB technique achieved good PTV coverage, homogeneity and dose conformity and allowed better sparing of the mean dose of the lung, the LAD artery, and the heart and reduced the V30 of the heart.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Lesões por Radiação / Irradiação Linfática / Radioterapia de Intensidade Modulada / Órgãos em Risco / Neoplasias Unilaterais da Mama / Coração / Pulmão Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Feminino / Humanos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Br J Radiol Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China