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Erosive tooth wear among South Brazilian adolescents, and its association with sociodemographic variables.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e119, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939499
ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to assess the occurrence of erosive tooth wear (ETW) among 15-19-year-old South Brazilian adolescents, regarding prevalence, extent, severity, intraoral distribution, and sociodemographic risk indicators. A population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted in Santa Maria, southern Brazil, and included a representative sample of 15-19-year-old adolescents. Data collection included the application of a questionnaire and a clinical examination. A questionnaire was sent to the parents/legal guardians of the selected students, containing questions on demographic information, socioeconomic characteristics, and living conditions. After tooth cleaning and drying, all erupted permanent teeth were clinically assessed by two calibrated examiners, and classified according to the Basic Erosive Wear Examination (BEWE). The association between explanatory variables and the outcomes (ETW prevalence and extent) was assessed using Poisson regression models (both unadjusted and adjusted). A total of 1,197 adolescents were included in the study (participation rate of 72.3%). The overall prevalence of ETW was 57%. Severe ETW affected 16% of the sample. Overall, this adolescent population presented 13.3 affected surfaces, and 8.34 affected teeth. In the risk assessment analysis, gender, skin color, socioeconomic status, and family income were significantly associated with ETW. Boys, white adolescents, and those with higher socioeconomic status were more affected by ETW. This population-based cross-sectional study revealed that the prevalence of ETW was high, and that it was associated with sociodemographic variables in this South Brazilian population of adolescents.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Erosão Dentária Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Limite: Adolescente / Feminino / Humanos / Masculino País/Região como assunto: América do Sul / Brasil Idioma: Inglês Revista: Braz Oral Res Assunto da revista: Odontologia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Brasil