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Unusual Hole and Electron Midgap States and Orbital Reconstructions Induced Huge Ferroelectric Tunneling Electroresistance in BaTiO3/SrTiO3.
Nano Lett ; 20(2): 1101-1109, 2020 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944125
Oxide heterostructures have attracted a lot of interest because of their rich exotic phenomena and potential applications. Recently, a greatly enhanced tunneling electroresistance (TER) of ferroelectric tunnel junctions (FTJs) has been realized in such heterostructures. However, our understanding on the electronic structure of resistance response with polarization reversal and the origin of huge TER is still lacking. Here, we report on electronic structures, particularly at the interface and surface, and the control of the spontaneous polarization of BaTiO3 films by changing the termination of a SrTiO3 substrate. Interestingly, unusual electron and hole midgap states are concurrently formed and accompanied by orbital reconstructions, which determine the ferroelectric polarization orientation in the BaTiO3/SrTiO3. Such unusual midgap states, which yield a strong electronic screening effect, reduce the ferroelectric barrier width and height, and pin the ferroelectric polarization, lead to a dramatic enhancement of the TER effect. The midgap states are also observed in BaTiO3 films on electron-doped Nb/SrTiO3 revealing its universality. Our result provides new insight into the origin of the huge TER effect and opens a new route for designing ferroelectric tunnel junction-based devices with huge TER through interface engineering.





Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Nano Lett Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Singapura