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Gastric-type gene expression and phenotype in non-terminal respiratory unit type adenocarcinoma of the lung with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma morphology.
Histopathology ; 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985086
ABSTRACT

AIMS:

We sought to determine Non-terminal respiratory unit (TRU) type adenocarcinoma of lung with invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) morphology shows gastric differentiation.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We reviewed whole section images of 489 cases of lung adenocarcinoma from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). TCGA data were classified into 426 of TRU type adenocarcinoma, 49 of IMA, and 14 of unclassifiable. Their RNA sequencing data was analyzed by DESeq2 and WGCNA R packages. Gene expression in patients' samples were measured by NanoString assay. Overexpression of genes including REG4, TFF2, MUCL3, FER1L6, B3GALT5, ANXA10, and so on was observed by TCGA analysis in IMA compared to TRU type adenocarcinoma. Many of these genes are those expressed in normal gastric glands and selected for NanoString experiment on 14 IMA and 10 TRU type adenocarcinoma cases. The expression of genes including ANXA10, FER1L6, HNF4a, MUC5AC, REG4, TFF1, TFF2, and VSIGI was increased > 15 fold in IMA. Immunohistochemistry of ANXA10, TFF2, and FER1L6 performed on 31 IMA and 135 TRU type adenocarcinomas showed their predominant expression in IMA while they are not in TRU type adenocarcinoma.

CONCLUSION:

Our results showed the level of genes expressed in stomach mucosa were increased in IMA compared to TRU type adenocarcinoma, supporting gastric differentiation of IMA. This finding may help to understand the pathogenesis of IMA and find therapeutic targets.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo