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Are free radicals actually responsible for enhanced oxidation of contaminants by Cr(VI) in the presence of bisulfite?
Chemosphere ; 248: 126000, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007774
ABSTRACT
Recently, the technology for the remediation of Cr(VI) pollutant via bisulfite has been found to be effective for fast elimination of co-contaminants especially in acidic solution, where free radicals (i.e., sulfate and/or hydroxyl radicals) are proposed to act as dominant oxidants. Here, it was demonstrated that high-valent Cr intermediate played a primary role in the Cr(VI)/bisulfite system through applying methyl phenyl sulfoxide (PMSO) as a probe. PMSO was effectively transformed in the Cr(VI)/bisulfite system with appreciable generation of methyl phenyl sulfone (PMSO2) product, while PMSO was oxidized by free radicals to hydroxylated and/or polymeric products rather than PMSO2. The involvement of high-valent Cr species was further supported by the formation of 18O-labeled PMSO2 in 18O labeling experiments, where the incorporation of 18O from solvent water H218O into PMSO2 was likely resulted from competitive oxygen exchange of Cr-oxo species with water. The relative contribution of high valent Cr species versus free radicals was evaluated based on the yield of PMSO2, which was dependent on the solution chemistry such as [Cr(VI)]:[bisulfite] ratio and dissolved oxygen. This work advances the understanding of chromium chemistry involved in the Cr(VI)/bisulfite system. These findings have important implications on the application of this "waste control by waste" technology for environmental decontamination.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Chemosphere Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China