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PRDM16 orchestrates angiogenesis via neural differentiation in the developing brain.
Cell Death Differ ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015502
ABSTRACT
Angiogenesis plays crucial roles in maintaining the complex operation of central nervous system (CNS) development. The architecture of communication between neurogenesis and angiogenesis is essential to maintain normal brain development and function. Hence, any disruption of neuron-vascular communications may lead to the pathophysiology of cerebrovascular diseases and blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction. Here we demonstrate that neural differentiation and communication are required for vascular development. Regarding the cellular and molecular mechanism, our results show that PRDM16 activity determines the production of mature neurons and their specific positions in the neocortex. In the cortical plate (CP), aberrant neurons fail to secrete modular calcium-binding protein 1 (SMOC1), an important neuronal signal that participates in neurovascular communication to regulate CNS angiogenesis. Neuronal SMOC1 interacts with TGFBR1 by activating the transcription factors phospho-Smad2/3 to convey intercellular signals to endothelial cells (ECs) in the TGF-ß-Smad signaling pathway. Together, our results highlight a crucial coordinated neurovascular development process orchestrated by PRDM16 and reveal the importance of intimate communication for building the neurovascular network during brain development.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China