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Pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor regulates the immune status of patients with small cell lung cancer.
Thorac Cancer ; 11(3): 713-722, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020764
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive disease involving immunodeficiency for which chemotherapy is the standard treatment. Pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) is widely used for primary or secondary prophylaxis of febrile neutropenia (FN) in chemotherapy. However, whether PEG-rhG-CSF influences immune cells, such as lymphocytes, remains unclear.

METHODS:

A total of 17 treatment-naïve SCLC patients were prospectively enrolled and divided into the PEG-rhG-CSF and control groups according to their FN risk. Longitudinal sampling of peripheral blood was performed before, after and 4-6 days after the first cycle of chemotherapy. Flow cytometry was used to assess lymphocyte subsets, including CD3+ T, CD4+ T, CD8+ T, NK, and B cells. The diversity and clonality of the T-cell receptor (TCR) repertoire was analyzed by next-generation sequencing.

RESULTS:

In the PEG-rhG-CSF group, the proportions of CD3+ T and CD4+ T cells had increased significantly (P = 0.002, P = 0.020, respectively), whereas there was no increase in CD8+ T cells. Further, TCR diversity increased (P = 0.009) and clonality decreased (P = 0.004) significantly after PEG-rhG-CSF treatment. However, these factors showed opposite trends before and after chemotherapy. Vß and Jß gene fragment types, which determine TCR diversity, were significantly amplified in the PEG-rhG-CSF group. The change in TCR diversity was significantly correlated with changes in the CD3+ T or CD4+ T cell proportions, but not the CD8+ T cell proportion.

CONCLUSIONS:

PEG-rhG-CSF regulates the immune status of SCLC patients; CD4+ T cells may be the main effector cells involved in this process. These findings may optimize the treatment of SCLC.KEY POINTS: PEG-rhG-CSF regulates SCLC immunity. PEG-rhG-CSF increased CD3+ T and CD4+ T cell proportions. PEG-rhG-CSF increased TCR diversity and decreased clonality in peripheral blood. Change in TCR diversity were correlated with CD3+ T or CD4+ T changes.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia Idioma: Inglês Revista: Thorac Cancer Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China