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Phylogenetic relationships of the Chinese torrent frogs (Ranidae: Amolops) revealed by phylogenomic analyses of AFLP-Capture data.
Mol Phylogenet Evol ; 146: 106753, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028033
ABSTRACT
The torrent frog genus Amolops contains nearly sixty species distributed in swift mountain streams throughout southeast Asia. The taxonomy of this genus has proven complicated due to unstable morphological diagnostic characters. The relationships of Amolops species and species groups were not readily resolved with a small number of molecular markers. Here, we applied the novel AFLP-Capture approach and acquired two large datasets (242 anonymous nuclear sequences and the mitochondrial genome) from 70 Chinese Amolops samples to study their relationships. The phylogenies inferred from the nuclear data and the mitochondrial data were both robust and revealed a primary phylogenetic split between eastern and western Chinese Amolops species. The relationships of the six species groups were clarified. While the three species groups in east China (the A. ricketti, A. daiyunensis and A. hainanensis groups) were monophyletic, the three species groups in the west (the A. mantzorum, A. monticola and A. marmoratus groups) were not monophyletic, suggesting a need for further investigation and revision. The robust phylogenies also provided new insights into species relationships, especially for the A. mantzorum group, which has been difficult to resolve due to multiple speciation events occurring approximately 7-8 million years ago. The divergence times estimated with the nuclear data indicated that the ancestor of the Chinese Amolops appeared in the late Eocene or early Oligocene, and that speciation events in the Chinese Amolops were often related to geological events (e.g. the uprising of mountains and the formation of islands). By including the mitochondrial sequences from GenBank, a more comprehensive Amolops phylogeny was constructed that reflected the origin of the Chinese Amolops. Based on all these results, a dispersal scenario of the torrent frogs was hypothesized. Our research serves as the first example of using AFLP-Capture to obtain a large amount of data for shallow-scale phylogenetic and taxonomic studies, which should be useful for other nonmodel organism groups.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Mol Phylogenet Evol Assunto da revista: Biologia / Biologia Molecular Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China