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DNA Nanofirecrackers Assembled through Hybridization Chain Reaction for Ultrasensitive SERS Immunoassay of Prostate Specific Antigen.
Anal Chem ; 92(5): 4046-4052, 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048509
ABSTRACT
Isothermal nucleic acid amplification technology has been widely adopted for analytical chemistry with the purpose of sensitivity improvement. Herein we present an ultrasensitive concatenated hybridization chain reaction (C-HCR) based surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) immunoassay by forming antibody-antigen-aptamer heterosandwich structures with the model analyte of total prostate specific antigens (tPSA). In the C-HCR, two HCRs, one proceeds with two hairpins and the other with four biotin-modified hairpins, are coupled, making the formation of DNA nanofirecrackers with the lengths longer than 200 nm and more than four hundred million binding sites of streptavidin modified enzymes. These types of DNA nanofirecrackers through the aptamer encoded linker strand to form heterosandwich structures could provide a general signal application platform such as enzyme catalysis with high amplification efficiency. As a proof of concept, the Au@Ag core-shell nanostructure based SERS immunoassay with excellent signal amplification has been developed by employing the streptavidin modified alkaline phosphatase (SA-ALP) through its catalysis of 2-phospho-l-ascorbic acid trisodium salt (AAP) to form Au@Ag core-shell nanostructures via the formation of ascorbic acid (AA) to reduce AgNO3 and deposition of silver element on gold nanorods (AuNRs). The newly developed method has a detection limit as low as 0.94 fg/mL and has successfully achieved the detection of serum samples from clinical patients, which was consistent with the clinical test results, showing that this C-HCR strategy to form DNA nanofirecrackers has great potential in clinical applications.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Anal Chem Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo