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Serum Sclerostin But Not DKK-1 Correlated with Central Arterial Stiffness in End Stage Renal Disease Patients.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075016
ABSTRACT
Sclerostin and dickkopf-1 (DKK1) played a role in the development of cardiovascular diseases and arterial stiffness in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients but with controversial results of patients in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) including hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study aimed to examine the association between the mode of dialysis or the values of sclerostin or DKK1 and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) in ESRD patients. There were 122 HD and 72 PD patients enrolled in this study. By a validated tonometry system, cfPWV was measured and then segregated patients into values of >10 m/s as the high central arterial stiffness (AS) group and values ≤ 10 m/s as the control group. Serum levels of sclerostin and DKK1 were measured using a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Possible risk factors for the development of AS were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. There were 21 (29.2%) of PD and 53 (43.4%) of HD in the high AS group. Compared to patients in the control group, those in the high AS group were older, had more comorbidities, had higher systolic blood pressure, and had higher serum levels of fasting glucose, C-reactive protein, and sclerostin. Levels of sclerostin (adjusted OR 1.012, 95% CI. 1.006-1.017, p = 0.0001) was found to be an independent predictor of high AS in ESRD patients by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Furthermore, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values of sclerostin for predicting AS was 208.64 pmol/L (Area under the curve 0.673, 95% CI 0.603-0.739, p < 0.001). This study showed that serum levels of sclerostin, but not DKK1 or mode of dialysis, to be a predictor for high central AS in ESRD patients.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Aspecto clínico: Etiologia / Predição / Prognóstico Idioma: Inglês Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Taiwan