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Cross-sectional study of aggression against Spanish nursing personnel and effects on somatisation of physical symptoms.
BMJ Open ; 10(3): e034143, 2020 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152167
ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION:

Violence against nursing personnel in their place of work is a severe problem generating important consequences for these workers. Even though there is a large body of research on the subject, the emotional impact of aggression against healthcare workers continues to be debated.

OBJECTIVES:

The objective of this quantitative, observational cross-sectional study was to analyse the effects of aggression against nursing personnel and the mediating role of anxiety in somaticising physical symptoms.

METHOD:

The sample was made up of 1357 nursing professionals who answered questionnaires evaluating their sensitivity to anxiety and the presence of somatic symptoms.

RESULTS:

Of the professionals who indicated that they had been the victims of aggression by family members or patients in the previous year, 52.8% said it had happened to them on one occasion, 25.2% had experienced two episodes, while 6.9% and 15.1% said they had undergone three or more aggressions, respectively. Although 89.3% of the professionals affected by acts of indicated that they had not undergone physical or psychological consequences, there was a higher prevalence of somatic alteration among workers who had been victims of violence in the workplace. Furthermore, aggression at work had a direct effect on physical somatisation, which in turn acted as a mediator in the level of anxiety of nursing professionals. Thus, aggression increased the level of anxiety of nurses through the appearance of somatic symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results are discussed based on some of the consequences that appeared after episodes of aggression in the healthcare sector and their relationship.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Prevalence_studies Idioma: Inglês Revista: BMJ Open Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo