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Contextualizing the Modern Epidemiology of Neurofibromatosis Type 2 in an Era of Heightened Detection of Sporadic Vestibular Schwannoma.
Otol Neurotol ; 41(4): e501-e506, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176143
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:

Closely paralleling previous radiologic studies, recent population-based prevalence data suggest sporadic vestibular schwannoma (VS) affects over one in 2,000 adults and up to one in 500 in those aged 70 years or older. Attributable to increased utilization of magnetic resonance imaging and screening protocols for asymmetrical sensorineural hearing loss, the increasing detection rate of sporadic VS fundamentally changes the perception of VS as a whole. The primary objective of the current study was to contextualize modern epidemiological trends in neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) in light of these recent advancements in the understanding of sporadic VS. STUDY

DESIGN:

Population-based study.

SETTING:

Olmsted County, Minnesota. Population size on January 1, 2017 159,689 people. PATIENTS All patients with NF2 diagnosed between Jan 1, 1966 and Dec 31, 2016, identified using the Rochester Epidemiology Project. MAIN OUTCOME

MEASURES:

Incidence, prevalence.

RESULTS:

Six incident cases were identified over the past 50 years. From 1966 to 2016, the age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate was 0.10 per 100,000 person-years. The incidence rate remained at 0.12 over the most recent decade. Five cases met disease prevalence criteria, and the age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of NF2 on Jan 1, 2017 was 3.1 per 100,000 persons. All prevalent cases were women, and the resultant prevalence among women only was 6.0 per 100,000 persons.

CONCLUSIONS:

The modern age- and sex-adjusted incidence rate and prevalence of NF2 is 0.10 per 100,000 person-years and 3.1 per 100,000 persons, respectively. In contrast to trends in incidence rates of sporadic VS over the last half-century, this study demonstrates that the incidence of NF2 has remained relatively stable since 1966. This divergence in epidemiological trends is likely attributed to the nature of NF2, with early clinical manifestations resulting in diagnosis regardless of modern advances, whereas the increased incidence of sporadic VS is heavily influenced by improved detection in a greater population of patients with minimally symptomatic or asymptomatic tumors.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Screening_studies Idioma: Inglês Revista: Otol Neurotol Assunto da revista: Neurologia / Otorrinolaringologia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo