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Photosynergetic Electrochemical Synthesis of Graphene Oxide.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207939
ABSTRACT
Here we propose a strategy of radical oxidation reaction for the high-efficiency production of graphene oxide (GO). GO plays important roles in the sustainable development of energy and the environment, taking advantages of oxygen-containing functional groups for good dispersibility and assembly. Compared with Hummers' method, electrochemical exfoliation of graphite is considered facile and green, although the oxidation is fairly low. To synthesize GO with better crystallinity and higher oxidation degree, we present a photosynergetic electrochemical method. By using oxalate anions as the intercalation ions and co-reactant, the interfacial concentration of hydroxyl radicals generated during electrochemical exfoliation was promoted, and the oxidation degree was comparable with that of GO prepared by Hummers' method. In addition, the crystallinity was improved with fewer layers and larger size. Moreover, the aniline coassembled GO membrane was selectively permeable to water molecules by the hydrogen-bond interaction, but it was impermeable to Na+, K+, and Mg2+, due to the electrostatic interactions. Thus, it has a prospective application to water desalination and purification. This work opens a novel approach to the direct functionalization of graphene during the electroexfoliation processes and to the subsequent assembly of the functionalized graphene.

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo