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Assessment of Talaromyces Marneffei Infection of the Intestine in Three Patients and a Systematic Review of Case Reports.
Pan, Mianluan; Huang, Jie; Qiu, Ye; Zeng, Wen; Li, Zhangcheng; Tang, Shudan; Wei, Xuan; Zhang, Jianquan.
Afiliação
  • Pan M; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The Eighth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.
  • Huang J; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
  • Qiu Y; Department of Tuberculosis, Fourth People Hospital of Nanning City, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
  • Zeng W; Department of Comprehensive Internal Medicine, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
  • Li Z; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
  • Tang S; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
  • Wei X; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
  • Zhang J; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi, China.
Open Forum Infect Dis ; 7(6): ofaa128, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32523970
ABSTRACT

Background:

Hematogenous dissemination of Talaromyces marneffei can result in multiorgan involvement (skin, lung, and reticuloendothelial system involvement); however, few studies have reported intestinal T marneffei infections. We investigated clinical features, management, and patient outcomes concerning Talaromyces-related intestinal infections.

Methods:

Patients with Talaromycosis between August 2012 and April 2019 at The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, China, were retrospectively analyzed. Patients presenting with intestinal Talaromycosis and endoscopy-confirmed diagnoses were investigated. We also undertook a systematic review of the relevant English and Chinese literature.

Results:

Of 175 patients diagnosed with Talaromycosis, 33 presented with gastrointestinal symptoms, and 31 underwent stool cultures, 1 of which tested positive. Three patients had gastrointestinal symptoms and negative stool cultures, and endoscopic tissue biopsy confirmed a pathological diagnosis. A systematic review of 14 reports on human Talaromycosis identified an additional 16 patients. Fever, weight loss, and anemia were the most common symptoms, along with abdominal pain, diarrhea, and bloody stools. Abdominal computed tomography showed intestinal wall edema and thickening and/or abdominal lymphadenopathy. Endoscopy showed erosion, hyperemia, edema, and multiple intestinal mucosal ulcers. Of the 19 patients, 16 received antifungal therapy, 14 of whom recovered and 2 died. Three patients received no therapy and died.

Conclusions:

Gastrointestinal disseminated Talaromycosis is not rare and can affect the stomach, duodenum, and colon, and may involve the entire digestive tract. Colon is the most common site. Endoscopy is needed for patients presenting with gastrointestinal symptoms in T marneffei-infected endemic areas. Systemic application of effective antifungal therapy can improve the prognosis.
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Contexto em Saúde: Doenças Neglicenciadas Tema em saúde: Diarreia Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Revisão sistemática Idioma: Inglês Revista: Open Forum Infect Dis Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Contexto em Saúde: Doenças Neglicenciadas Tema em saúde: Diarreia Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Revisão sistemática Idioma: Inglês Revista: Open Forum Infect Dis Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China