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Exploiting the potential of Sudanese sorghum landraces in biofortification: Physicochemical quality of the grain of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) landraces.
Abdelhalim, Tilal Sayed; Abdelhalim, Nuha Sayed; Kamal, Nasrein Mohamed; Mohamed, Essa Esmail; Hassan, Amro B.
Afiliação
  • Abdelhalim TS; White Nile Research Station, Agricultural Research Corporation, P.O. Box: 300, Kosti, Sudan; Biotechnology and Biosafety Research Center, Agricultural Research Corporation, Shambat, Khartoum North, Sudan.
  • Abdelhalim NS; Faculty of Science, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Kamal NM; Biotechnology and Biosafety Research Center, Agricultural Research Corporation, Shambat, Khartoum North, Sudan; Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, Tottori, Japan.
  • Mohamed EE; Faculty of Science, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.
  • Hassan AB; Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: ahassan2ks.c@ksu.edu.sa.
Food Chem ; 337: 127604, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777562
ABSTRACT
This study aimed to describe the phytonutrients and antioxidant activity, protein content, in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD), protein fraction, and bioavailability of Fe and Zn in the grains of five sorghum landraces grown in Sudan. The results showed significant differences in all quality tests among the landraces. The Tetron landrace showed the highest percentage of crude protein and IVPD among the landraces. Additionally, most of the landrace grains had high contents of Fe and Zn with a high rate of bioavailability. The Kolom 4055 and Wad akar exhibited significantly higher total phenolic contents, with antioxidant activity of 79.3% and 83.4%, respectively. The glutelin content was relatively higher compared to the other fractions, irrespective of sorghum landraces. The principal components cumulatively accounted for 89.3% of the total variation among the five sorghum landraces. It can be concluded that these landraces could be used in the improvement of new value-added crops using the by-products of sorghum grains.
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Food Chem Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Sudão

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Food Chem Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Sudão