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Spatial and temporal variability of tritium in precipitation within South Africa and it's bearing on hydrological studies.
van Rooyen, J D; Palcsu, L; Visser, A; Vennemann, T W; Miller, J A.
Afiliação
  • van Rooyen JD; Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7601, South Africa. Electronic address: jvanrooyen121@gmail.com.
  • Palcsu L; Isotope Climatology and Environmental Research Centre (ICER), Institute for Nuclear Research, H-4026, Debrecen, Bem tér 18/c, Hungary. Electronic address: palcsu@atomki.mta.hu.
  • Visser A; Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Nuclear and Chemical Sciences Division, 7000 East Ave, Livermore, CA, 94550, United States. Electronic address: visser3@llnl.gov.
  • Vennemann TW; Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland. Electronic address: torsten.vennemann@unil.ch.
  • Miller JA; Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland, 7601, South Africa. Electronic address: jmiller@sun.ac.za.
J Environ Radioact ; 226: 106354, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046265
ABSTRACT
Tritium, the radioactive isotope of hydrogen, has been used to understand groundwater recharge processes for decades. The current variation of tritium in the atmosphere is largely attributed to stratospheric production and fall out rates as well as global circulation phenomena controlling the hydrological cycle. Global controls on the variability in atmospheric tritium activity are poorly suited to explain local variation and tritium activities in precipitation are often assumed to be uniform over both local and regional catchments and watersheds. This assumption can result in both over and under estimation of modern recharge within an aquifer when using tritium as the recharge proxy. In order to minimize the inherent prediction residuals associated with tritium based recharge investigations, the variability of tritium in precipitation was modelled from 127 spatial precipitation samples taken over a two year period, combined with a 76 precipitation sample group-set taken over a one year period in a single location. Precipitation events were traced backward in time, from the point of collection, using HYSPLIT modelling to ascertain the origins of moisture content as well as the altitudes of moisture origin reached along the particle track. Tritium activities, collected over a one year period in Paarl, range from 0.45 to 4.16 TU and have a mean of 1.59 TU. Spatial storm events in the Western Cape in 2017 and 2018 had a range from 0 to 2.2 and 0.37 to 3.27 TU, respectively, with mean activities of 1.18 (n = 34) and 1.25 TU (n = 32). Both storm events had similar tritium variability (σ = 0.5 n = 35 and 0.48 n = 32). Regional precipitation events had the largest range of tritium activities (0.55-12.2 TU). Although not all tritium activities can be explained by interrogating the water mass origin, this study suggests that approximately 90% of events can be completely or partially attributed to the origin of the water mass. The variability of tritium, both spatially and temporally, was higher than expected, confirming that when uniform tritium inputs are used, the groundwater system would provide inaccurate modern recharge estimates. Higher spatial resolution of tritium variation in precipitation for a particular region will improve our ability to relate tritium activities in groundwater to local precipitation.
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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Trítio / Monitoramento de Radiação Tipo de estudo: Ensaio clínico controlado / Estudo prognóstico País/Região como assunto: África Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Environ Radioact Assunto da revista: Saúde Ambiental Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Trítio / Monitoramento de Radiação Tipo de estudo: Ensaio clínico controlado / Estudo prognóstico País/Região como assunto: África Idioma: Inglês Revista: J Environ Radioact Assunto da revista: Saúde Ambiental Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo
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