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Visual Gender Cues Guide Crossmodal Selective Attending to a Gender-Congruent Voice During Dichotic Listening.
Factor, Zekiel Z; Polack, Cody W; Miller, Ralph R.
Afiliação
  • Factor ZZ; Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, New York, USA.
  • Polack CW; Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, New York, USA.
  • Miller RR; Department of Psychology, State University of New York at Binghamton, New York, USA.
Exp Psychol ; 67(4): 246-254, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111655
ABSTRACT
Visual input of a face appears to influence the ability to selectively attend to one voice over another simultaneous voice. We examined this crossmodal effect, specifically the role face gender may have on selective attention to male and female gendered simultaneous voices. Using a within-subjects design, participants were presented with a dynamic male face, female face, or fixation cross, with each condition being paired with a dichotomous audio stream of male and female voices reciting different lists of concrete nouns. In Experiment 1a, the female voice was played in the right ear and the male voice in the left ear. In Experiment 1b, both voices were played in both ears with differences in volume mimicking the interaural intensity difference between disparately localized voices in naturalistic situations. Free recall of words spoken by the two voices immediately following stimulus presentation served as a proxy measure of attention. In both sections of the experiment, crossmodal congruity of face gender enhanced same-gender word recall. This effect indicates that crossmodal interaction between voices and faces guides auditory attention. The results contribute to our understanding of how humans navigate the crossmodal relationship between voices and faces to direct attention in social interactions such as those in the cocktail party scenario.
Assuntos
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Percepção Auditiva / Voz Tipo de estudo: Determinantes_sociais_saude Aspecto: Determinantes_sociais_saude Limite: Feminino / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Exp Psychol Assunto da revista: Psicologia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Assunto principal: Percepção Auditiva / Voz Tipo de estudo: Determinantes_sociais_saude Aspecto: Determinantes_sociais_saude Limite: Feminino / Humanos / Masculino Idioma: Inglês Revista: Exp Psychol Assunto da revista: Psicologia Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: Estados Unidos