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Talaromyces marneffei Infection in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients: Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature.
Wei, Jingshan; Qiu, Ye; Zeng, Wen; Pan, Mianluan; Zhang, Jianquan.
Afiliação
  • Wei J; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, Pepole's Republic of China.
  • Qiu Y; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, Pepole's Republic of China.
  • Zeng W; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, Pepole's Republic of China.
  • Pan M; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, Pepole's Republic of China.
  • Zhang J; Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi 530021, Pepole's Republic of China.
Infect Drug Resist ; 13: 3811-3816, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33122926
ABSTRACT

Purpose:

Talaromyces marneffei is a highly invasive fungus, causing fatal mycosis in patients with or without HIV in Southeast and Eastern Asia. However, its presence in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus is rarely reported.

Methods:

We reported two SLE patients infected by T. marneffei and reviewed other patients reported in the English literature. All cases were pooled for analysis.

Results:

Eleven patients with SLE infected with T. marneffei infection were identified, including the two presented here. Three were male and eight were female; all were HIV negative. All the patients, except two where data were missing, had received immunosuppressants before T. marneffei infection. The main clinical features included fever, cough, lymph node enlargement, gastrointestinal symptoms, and rash. Five patients were misdiagnosed as having SLE exacerbation. T. marneffei was detected via culture or histopathologic analysis, with the fungus most commonly found in the blood. Seven of the 11 patients were successfully treated by timely antifungal therapy with concomitant SLE control, while four patients who did not receive antifungal therapy died.

Conclusion:

T. marneffei infection should be excluded when SLE patients, especially if on long-term immunosuppressants, present with fever, cough, lymph node enlargement, gastrointestinal symptoms, and rash. Controlling the lupus and timely antifungal treatment can improve the outcomes of SLE patients with T. marneffei infection.
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Relato de casos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Infect Drug Resist Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Relato de casos Idioma: Inglês Revista: Infect Drug Resist Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo