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Neural Basis of Increased Cognitive Control of Impulsivity During the Mid-Luteal Phase Relative to the Late Follicular Phase of the Menstrual Cycle.
Zhuang, Jin-Ying; Wang, Jia-Xi; Lei, Qin; Zhang, Weidong; Fan, Mingxia.
Afiliação
  • Zhuang JY; Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
  • Wang JX; School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
  • Lei Q; School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
  • Zhang W; School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
  • Fan M; School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai, China.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 14: 568399, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33304251
ABSTRACT
Hormonal changes across the menstrual cycle have been shown to influence reward-related motivation and impulsive behaviors. Here, with the aim of examining the neural mechanisms underlying cognitive control of impulsivity, we compared event-related monetary delay discounting task behavior and concurrent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) revealed brain activity as well as resting state (rs)-fMRI activity, between women in the mid-luteal phase (LP) and women in the late follicular phase (FP). The behavioral data were analyzed and related to neural activation data. In the delay discounting task, women in the late FP were more responsive to short-term rewards (i.e., showed a greater discount rate) than women in the mid-LP, while also showing greater activity in the dorsal striatum (DS). Discount rate (transformed k) correlated with functional connectivity between the DS and dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC), consistent with previous findings indicating that DS-dlPFC circuitry may regulate impulsivity. Our rs-fMRI data further showed that the right dlPFC was significantly more active in the mid-LP than in late FP, and this effect was sensitive to absolute and relative estradiol levels during the mid-LP. DS-dlPFC functional connectivity magnitude correlated negatively with psychometric impulsivity scores during the late FP, consistent with our behavioral data and further indicating that relative estradiol levels may play an important role in augmenting cognitive control. These findings provide new insight into the treatment of conditions characterized by hyper-impulsivity, such as obsessive compulsive disorder, Parkinson disease, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In conclusion, our results suggest that cyclical gonadal hormones affect cognitive control of impulsive behavior in a periodic manner, possibility via DS-dlPFC circuitry.
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Front Hum Neurosci Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Idioma: Inglês Revista: Front Hum Neurosci Ano de publicação: 2020 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China
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