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COVID-19 in Pediatrics: Characteristics of Hospitalized Children in New Jersey.
Bhavsar, Sejal M; Clouser, Katharine N; Gadhavi, Jasmine; Anene, Okechukwu; Kaur, Ranbir; Lewis, Rachel; Naganathan, Srividya; Michalak, Zuzanna; Chen, Clara Q; Shah, Pooja; Siu, Anita; Ballance, Cathleen.
Afiliação
  • Bhavsar SM; Department of Pediatrics, Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey; sejal.bhavsar@hackensackmeridian.org.
  • Clouser KN; Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley, New Jersey.
  • Gadhavi J; Department of Pediatrics, Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey.
  • Anene O; Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley, New Jersey.
  • Kaur R; Department of Pediatrics, Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey.
  • Lewis R; Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley, New Jersey.
  • Naganathan S; Department of Pediatrics, John F. Kennedy Medical Center, Edison, New Jersey.
  • Michalak Z; Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley, New Jersey.
  • Chen CQ; Department of Pediatrics, John F. Kennedy Medical Center, Edison, New Jersey.
  • Shah P; Department of Pediatrics, Joseph M. Sanzari Children's Hospital, Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, New Jersey.
  • Siu A; Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley, New Jersey.
  • Ballance C; Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine, Nutley, New Jersey.
Hosp Pediatr ; 11(1): 79-87, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386296
ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES:

Understanding the risk factors, predictors, and clinical presentation of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pediatric patients with severe disease.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective chart review of pediatric patients admitted between March 1, 2020, and May 31, 2020, to a large health network in New Jersey with positive test results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 on reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, rapid testing, or serum immunoglobulin G testing; we included demographic characteristics, clinical features, and outcomes.

RESULTS:

A total of 81 patients ≤21 years old were admitted with positive test results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 on reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and/or serum immunoglobulin testing. Sixty-seven patients (82.7%) were admitted for management of acute COVID-19 infection, whereas 14 (17.3%) were admitted for management of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C). Of the 81 hospitalized patients, 28 (34.6%) required intensive care. A majority of patients (42 [51.9%]) admitted for both acute COVID-19 infection and MIS-C were Hispanic. Underlying chronic health conditions were not present in most patients. Obesity (mean BMI of 41.1) was noted in the patients with MIS-C requiring ICU care, although not statistically significant. Absolute lymphopenia and elevated levels of inflammatory markers were statistically significant in the patients with MIS-C treated in the ICU.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study adds to the growing literature of potential risk factors for severe disease in pediatric patients due to COVID-19 infection and MIS-C. Patients of Hispanic ethnicity represented the majority of patients with both acute COVID-19 infection and MIS-C, despite only representing 10% to 20% of the population our hospitals serve. Infants and patients with chronic health conditions were not at increased risk for severe disease. Absolute lymphopenia and elevated levels of inflammatory markers were associated with more severe disease.
Assuntos
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Estudo prognóstico / Fatores de risco Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Criança / Criança, pré-escolar / Feminino / Humanos / Lactente / Masculino / Jovem adulto País/Região como assunto: América do Norte Idioma: Inglês Revista: Hosp Pediatr Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Estudo prognóstico / Fatores de risco Limite: Adolescente / Adulto / Criança / Criança, pré-escolar / Feminino / Humanos / Lactente / Masculino / Jovem adulto País/Região como assunto: América do Norte Idioma: Inglês Revista: Hosp Pediatr Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo