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Influenza-Associated Encephalopathy and Acute Necrotizing Encephalopathy in Children: A Retrospective Single-Center Study.
Song, Yongling; Li, Suyun; Xiao, Weiqiang; Shen, Jun; Ma, Wencheng; Wang, Qiang; Yang, Haomei; Liu, Guangming; Hong, Yan; Li, Peiqing; Yang, Sida.
Afiliação
  • Song Y; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Li S; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Xiao W; Pediatric Radiology Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Shen J; Suspected Screening Wards, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Ma W; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Wang Q; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Yang H; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Liu G; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Hong Y; Suspected Screening Wards, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Li P; Pediatric Emergency Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
  • Yang S; Pediatric Neurology Department, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China (mainland).
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928374, 2021 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388740
ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND Although influenza primarily affects the respiratory system, it can cause severe neurological complications, especially in younger children, but knowledge about the early indicators of acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE) is limited. The main purpose of this article is to summarize the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of neurological complications of influenza in children, and to identify factors associated with ANE. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a retrospective study of children with confirmed influenza with neurological complications treated between 01/2014 and 12/2019 at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. A receiver operating characteristics curve analysis was performed to determine the prognostic value of selected variables. RESULTS Sixty-three children with IAE (n=33) and ANE (n=30) were included. Compared with the IAE group, the ANE group showed higher proportions of fever and acute disturbance of consciousness, higher alanine aminotransferase, higher aspartate aminotransferase, higher creatinine kinase, higher procalcitonin, higher cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein, and lower CSF white blood cells (all P<0.05). The areas under the curve (AUCs) for procalcitonin and CSF proteins, used to differentiate IAE and ANE, were 0.790 and 0.736, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of PCT >4.25 ng/ml to predict ANE were 73.3% and 100.0%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of CSF protein >0.48 g/L to predict ANE were 76.7% and 69.7%, respectively. Thirteen (43.3%) children with ANE and none with IAE died (P<0.0001). CONCLUSIONS High levels of CSF protein and serum procalcitonin might be used as early indicators for ANE. All children admitted with neurological findings, especially during the influenza season, should be evaluated for influenza-related neurological complications.
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Estudo observacional / Estudo prognóstico / Fatores de risco Idioma: Inglês Revista: Med Sci Monit Assunto da revista: Medicina Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Estudo observacional / Estudo prognóstico / Fatores de risco Idioma: Inglês Revista: Med Sci Monit Assunto da revista: Medicina Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo
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