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Prokaryotic virus host predictor: a Gaussian model for host prediction of prokaryotic viruses in metagenomics.
Lu, Congyu; Zhang, Zheng; Cai, Zena; Zhu, Zhaozhong; Qiu, Ye; Wu, Aiping; Jiang, Taijiao; Zheng, Heping; Peng, Yousong.
Afiliação
  • Lu C; Bioinformatics Center, College of Biology, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
  • Zhang Z; Bioinformatics Center, College of Biology, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
  • Cai Z; Bioinformatics Center, College of Biology, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
  • Zhu Z; Bioinformatics Center, College of Biology, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
  • Qiu Y; Bioinformatics Center, College of Biology, Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Hunan University, Changsha, China.
  • Wu A; Center for Systems Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, China.
  • Jiang T; Suzhou Institute of Systems Medicine, Suzhou, 215123, Jiangsu, China.
  • Zheng H; Center for Systems Medicine, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, China.
  • Peng Y; Suzhou Institute of Systems Medicine, Suzhou, 215123, Jiangsu, China.
BMC Biol ; 19(1): 5, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441133
ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Viruses are ubiquitous biological entities, estimated to be the largest reservoirs of unexplored genetic diversity on Earth. Full functional characterization and annotation of newly discovered viruses requires tools to enable taxonomic assignment, the range of hosts, and biological properties of the virus. Here we focus on prokaryotic viruses, which include phages and archaeal viruses, and for which identifying the viral host is an essential step in characterizing the virus, as the virus relies on the host for survival. Currently, the method for determining the viral host is either to culture the virus, which is low-throughput, time-consuming, and expensive, or to computationally predict the viral hosts, which needs improvements at both accuracy and usability. Here we develop a Gaussian model to predict hosts for prokaryotic viruses with better performances than previous computational methods.

RESULTS:

We present here Prokaryotic virus Host Predictor (PHP), a software tool using a Gaussian model, to predict hosts for prokaryotic viruses using the differences of k-mer frequencies between viral and host genomic sequences as features. PHP gave a host prediction accuracy of 34% (genus level) on the VirHostMatcher benchmark dataset and a host prediction accuracy of 35% (genus level) on a new dataset containing 671 viruses and 60,105 prokaryotic genomes. The prediction accuracy exceeded that of two alignment-free methods (VirHostMatcher and WIsH, 28-34%, genus level). PHP also outperformed these two alignment-free methods much (24-38% vs 18-20%, genus level) when predicting hosts for prokaryotic viruses which cannot be predicted by the BLAST-based or the CRISPR-spacer-based methods alone. Requiring a minimal score for making predictions (thresholding) and taking the consensus of the top 30 predictions further improved the host prediction accuracy of PHP.

CONCLUSIONS:

The Prokaryotic virus Host Predictor software tool provides an intuitive and user-friendly API for the Gaussian model described herein. This work will facilitate the rapid identification of hosts for newly identified prokaryotic viruses in metagenomic studies.
Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Estudo prognóstico / Fatores de risco Idioma: Inglês Revista: BMC Biol Assunto da revista: Biologia Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China

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Texto completo: Disponível Coleções: Bases de dados internacionais Base de dados: MEDLINE Tipo de estudo: Estudo prognóstico / Fatores de risco Idioma: Inglês Revista: BMC Biol Assunto da revista: Biologia Ano de publicação: 2021 Tipo de documento: Artigo País de afiliação: China