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Results  1-12 de 267

Vector-control response in a post-flood disaster setting, Honiara, Solomon Islands, 2014.

Author(s): Shortus, Matthew; Musto, Jennie; Bugoro, Hugo; Butafa, Charles; Sio, Alison; Joshua, Cynthia
Source: Western Pac Surveill Response J;7(1): 38-43, 2016 Jan-Mar.
Abstract: PROBLEM: The close quartering and exposed living conditions in evacuation centres and the potential increase in vector density after flooding in Solomon Islands resulted in an increased risk of exposure for the occupants to vectorborne diseases. CONTEXT: In April 2014, Solomon Islands experienced a flash flooding event that affected many areas and displaced a large number of people. In the capital, Honiara, nearly 10 000 people were housed in emergency evacuation centres at the peak of the (more)

Molecular epidemiology of Vibrio cholerae associated with flood in Brahamputra River valley, Assam, India.

Author(s): Bhuyan, Soubhagya K; Vairale, Mohan G; Arya, Neha; Yadav, Priti; Veer, Vijay; Singh, Lokendra; Yadava, Pramod K; Kumar, Pramod
Source: Infect Genet Evol;40: 352-6, 2016 Jun.
Abstract: Cholera is often caused when drinking water is contaminated through environmental sources. In recent years, the drastic cholera epidemics in Odisha (2007) and Haiti (2010) were associated with natural disasters (flood and Earthquake). Almost every year the state of Assam India witnesses flood in Brahamputra River valley during reversal of wind system (monsoon). This is often followed by outbreak of diarrheal diseases including cholera. Beside the incidence of cholera outbreaks, there is lac (more)

Identifying Flood-Related Infectious Diseases in Anhui Province, China: A Spatial and Temporal Analysis.

Author(s): Gao, Lu; Zhang, Ying; Ding, Guoyong; Liu, Qiyong; Jiang, Baofa
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg;94(4): 741-9, 2016 Apr.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore infectious diseases related to the 2007 Huai River flood in Anhui Province, China. The study was based on the notified incidences of infectious diseases between June 29 and July 25 from 2004 to 2011. Daily incidences of notified diseases in 2007 were compared with the corresponding daily incidences during the same period in the other years (from 2004 to 2011, except 2007) by Poisson regression analysis. Spatial autocorrelation analysis was used to test t (more)

Waterborne diseases classification and relationship with social-environmental factors in Florianópolis city - Southern Brazil.

Author(s): Cesa, M; Fongaro, G; Barardi, C R M
Source: J Water Health;14(2): 340-8, 2016 Apr.
Abstract: This study aimed to investigate and classify the occurrence of waterborne diseases in Florianópolis city, Santa Catarina State, Southern Brazil and to correlate these diseases with the following social-environmental indicators of the local population: type of water supply, adequate collection and sewage treatment, areas of flooding and domestic water tank cleaning. Reports of outpatients were analyzed for surveillance of waterborne diseases during the period of 2002 to 2009. Waterborne dis (more)

Quantitative analysis of burden of bacillary dysentery associated with floods in Hunan, China.

Author(s): Liu, Xuena; Liu, Zhidong; Zhang, Ying; Jiang, Baofa
Source: Sci Total Environ;547: 190-6, 2016 Mar 15.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Jishou and Huaihua, two cities in the west of Hunan Province, had suffered from severe floods because of long-lasting and heavy rainfall during the end of June and July 2012. However, the Disability Adjusted of Life Years (DALYs) of bacillary dysentery caused by the floods have not been examined before. The study aimed to quantify the impact of the floods on the burden of bacillary dysentery in Hunan, China. METHODS: A unidirectional case-crossover study was firstly conducted to (more)

Association between Floods and Acute Cardiovascular Diseases: A Population-Based Cohort Study Using a Geographic Information System Approach.

Author(s): Vanasse, Alain; Cohen, Alan; Courteau, Josiane; Bergeron, Patrick; Dault, Roxanne; Gosselin, Pierre; Blais, Claudia; Bélanger, Diane; Rochette, Louis; Chebana, Fateh
Source: Int J Environ Res Public Health;13(2): 168, 2016 Jan 28.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Floods represent a serious threat to human health beyond the immediate risk of drowning. There is few data on the potential link between floods and direct consequences on health such as on cardiovascular health. This study aimed to explore the impact of one of the worst floods in the history of Quebec, Canada on acute cardiovascular diseases (CVD). METHODS: A cohort study with a time series design with multiple control groups was built with the adult population identified in the (more)

Notes from the Field: Ebola Virus Disease Response Activities During a Mass Displacement Event After Flooding--Freetown, Sierra Leone, September-November, 2015.

Author(s): Ratto, Jeffrey; Ivy, Wade; Purfield, Anne; Bangura, James; Omoko, Anthony; Boateng, Isaac; Duffy, Nadia; Sims, George; Beamer, Bryan; Pi-Sunyer, Teresa; Kamara, Sarian; Conteh, Sulaiman; Redd, John
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;65(7): 188-9, 2016 Feb 26.
Abstract: Since the start of the Ebola virus disease (Ebola) outbreak in West Africa, Sierra Leone has reported 8,706 confirmed Ebola cases and 3,956 deaths. During September 15-16, 2015, heavy rains flooded the capital, Freetown, resulting in eight deaths, home and property destruction, and thousands of persons in need of assistance. By September 27, approximately 13,000 flood-affected persons registered for flood relief services from the government. On September 17, two stadiums in Freetown were op (more)

Distribuição espaço-temporal da leptospirose e fatores de risco em Belém, Pará, Brasil/ Leptospirosis space-time distribution and risk factors in Belém, Pará, Brazil

Author(s): Gonçalves, Nelson Veiga; Araujo, Ediane Nunes de; Sousa Júnior, Alcinês da Silva; Pereira, Waltair Maria Martins; Miranda, Claudia do Socorro Carvalho; Campos, Pedro Silvestre da Silvia; Matos, Mauro Wendel de Souza; Palácios, Vera Regina da Cunha Menezes
Source: Ciênc. Saúde Colet;21(12): 3947-3955, 2016. tab, graf
Abstract: Resumo A ocorrência da leptospirose tem desafiado a epidemiologia na utilização de diferentes tecnologias de análises em escalas geográficas locais. Este estudo transversal e descritivo objetivou identificar correlações espaciais de fatores de risco socioambientais com a leptospirose em Belém, Pará, entre 2007 e 2013. Os dados epidemiológicos foram obtidos no Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação, da Secretaria do Estado de Saúde Pública e os ambientais, demográfi (more)

Quando a água sobe: análise da capacidade adaptativa de moradores do Jardim Pantanal expostos às enchentes/ When the water rises analysis of adaptive capacity of Jardim Pantanal residents exposed to floods

Author(s): Egute, Nayara dos Santos
Source: São Paulo; s.n; 2016. 209 p.
Abstract: A capacidade adaptativa às enchentes diz respeito à capacidade inerente de indivíduos ou de um sistema de se ajustar aos efeitos desse evento e lidar com ele, de modo a moderar seus danos potenciais. A cidade de São Paulo é particularmente vulnerável às enchentes devido ao seu histórico de uso e ocupação do solo. O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a capacidade adaptativa a partir da realidade local de moradores do Jardim Pantanal, localizado na zona leste do município de São (more)

Rodent-borne infectious disease outbreaks after flooding disasters: Epidemiology, management, and prevention.

Author(s): Diaz, James H
Source: Am J Disaster Med;10(3): 259-67, 2015.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To alert clinicians to the climatic conditions that can precipitate outbreaks of the rodent-borne infectious diseases most often associated with flooding disasters, leptospirosis (LS), and the Hantavirus-caused diseases, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS); to describe the epidemiology and presenting clinical manifestations and outcomes of these rodent-borne infectious diseases; and to recommend both prophylactic therapies and effe (more)

Psychopathology, Psychiatric Symptoms and their Demographic Correlates in Female Adolescents Flood Victims.

Author(s): Sitwat, Aisha; Asad, Sara; Yousaf, Aasma
Source: J Coll Physicians Surg Pak;25(12): 886-90, 2015 Dec.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To estimate the incidence of psychopathology, frequency of psychiatric symptoms, and their demographic correlates in flood affected female adolescents. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: District Muzaffargarh, Pakistan, from July to October 2011. METHODOLOGY: Female adolescent flood victims, aged 13 - 19 years, were recruited. Screening was done and Diagnostic Questionnaire for Psychiatric Disorders was administered to confirm the diagnosis according to (more)

Analysis of Risk and Burden of Dysentery Associated with Floods from 2004 to 2010 in Nanning, China.

Author(s): Liu, Zhidong; Ding, Guoyong; Zhang, Ying; Xu, Xin; Liu, Qiyong; Jiang, Baofa
Source: Am J Trop Med Hyg;93(5): 925-30, 2015 Nov.
Abstract: This study aimed to examine the association between floods and the morbidity of dysentery and to quantify the burden of dysentery due to floods in Nanning, China. A generalized additive mixed model was conducted to assess the relationship between monthly morbidity of dysentery and floods from 2004 to 2010. The years lived with disability (YLDs) of dysentery attributable to floods were then estimated based on the WHO framework of the burden of disease study for calculating the potential impa (more)
Results  1-12 de 267