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[Influence of sociodemographic, occupational and life style factors on the levels of burnout in palliative care health professionals]. / Influencia de factores sociodemográficos, laborales y de estilo de vida sobre los niveles de burnout en personal sanitario de cuidados paliativos.

Fernández Sánchez, J C; Pérez Mármol, J M; Peralta Ramírez, M I.
An Sist Sanit Navar ; 40(3): 421-431, 2017 Dec 29.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29215659


Palliative care health professionals have reported high levels of burnout. An understanding of factors associated with this syndrome in this population could foster new prevention and intervention strategies. The objectives were to evaluate the levels of burnout in each of its dimensions in a sample of palliative care health professionals and to analyze the relationship between levels of burnout and sociodemographic, occupational and lifestyle characteristics in this sample.


The total sample was composed of 92 palliative care health professionals. Sociodemographic, occupational and lifestyle characteristics were registered. The levels of burnout syndrome were evaluated by the Maslach Burnout Inventory - Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS). The total sample was divided into three groups, depending on the level of burnout (non-burnout group, burnout group meeting one criterion, and burnout group meeting two or three criteria). Comparisons were performed amongst groups for all characteristics evaluated.


The non-burnout professionals were significantly older and slept more than the professionals with more than one altered dimension; in addition, they had greater job seniority in the unit than those with a single altered dimension and did physical exercise more frequently than either of the burnout groups.


The younger professionals, with more job seniority in the units of palliative care, and less hours of sleep and physical activity showed higher levels of burnout. Therefore, these factors should be considered for enhancing prevention and intervention strategies for these health professionals.
Selo DaSilva