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[The impact of patient identification on an integrated program of palliative care in Basque Country]. / Impacto de la identificación de pacientes en un programa de cuidados paliativos del País Vasco.

Larrañaga, Igor; Millas, Jesús; Soto-Gordoa, Myriam; Arrospide, Arantzazu; San Vicente, Ricardo; Irizar, Marisa; Lanzeta, Itziar; Mar, Javier.
Aten Primaria ; 51(2): 80-90, 2019 02.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221947


Evaluate the process and the economic impact of an integrated palliative care program.


Comparative cross-sectional study. LOCATION Integrated Healthcare Organizations of Alto Deba and Goierri Alto-Urola, Basque Country.


Patients dead due to oncologic and non-oncologic causes in 2012 (control group) and 2015 (intervention group) liable to need palliative care according to McNamara criteria.


Identification as palliative patients in primary care, use of common clinical pathways in primary and secondary care and arrange training courses for health professionals. MAIN


Change in the resource use profile of patients in their last 3 months. Propensity score by genetic matching method was used to avoid non-randomization bias. The groups were compared by univariate analysis and the relationships between variables were analysed by logistic regressions and generalized linear models.


One thousand and twenty-three patients were identified in 2012 and 1,142 patients in 2015. In 2015 doubled the probability of being identify as palliative patient in deaths due to oncologic (19-33%) and non-oncologic causes (7-16%). Prescriptions of opiates rise (25-68%) and deaths in hospital remained stable. Contacts per patient with primary care and home hospitalization increased, while contacts with hospital admissions decreased. Cost per patient rise 26%.


The integrated palliative care model increased the identification of the target population. Relationships between variables showed that the identification had a positive impact on prescription of opiates, death outside the hospital and extension to non-oncologic diseases. Although the identification decreased admissions in hospital, costs per patient had a slight increase due to home hospitalizations.
Selo DaSilva