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1.

A mineração de urânio em questão: análise da comunicação pública das Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil (INB) em Caetité, Bahia/ Questioning uranium mining: an analysis of the public communication stated by Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil (INB) in Caetité, Bahia/ La minería de uranio en cuestión: un análisis de la comunicación pública transmitida por la INB (Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil) en Caetité, Bahia

Paula, Bruno Lucas Saliba de
| Idioma(s): Portugués
O objetivo deste artigo é discutir, através de análise de conteúdo, as estratégias de comunicação pública adotadas pelas Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil no 'Espaço INB', um centro de informações localizado na cidade baiana de Caetité, onde a empresa realiza a mineração e o beneficiamento de urânio. Desde que foram iniciadas, essas atividades levantaram inúmeras suspeitas de danos ambientais e problemas de saúde pública. Diante disso, buscamos compreender como a INB se posiciona diante dessas suspeitas e se relaciona com as populações atingidas por suas atividades. De acordo com nosso argumento, ao adotar uma postura que denominamos tecnoentusiasta e tecnocrática, a empresa dificulta um debate público aberto e descentralizado sobre as controvérsias em torno da mineração de urânio This article aims to use the content analysis to discuss the public communication stated by the 'Espaço INB', an information center managed by Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil located in the city of Caetité ­ BA, where the company mines and processes uranium. Since INB started its activities in Caetité, several suspicions of environmental damage and public health problems emerged. Thus, we analyze how INB responds to these suspicions and relates to the populations affected by its activities. We argue that INB adopts an attitude that we call techno-enthusiastic and technocratic, hindering an open public and decentralized debate about the controversies surrounding uranium mining. El objetivo de este artículo es discutir, a través del análisis de contenido, la comunicación pública transmitida por el 'Espaço INB', un centro de información administrado por Indústrias Nucleares do Brasil ubicado en la ciudad de Caetité/Bahia, donde la empresa hace la mínería y el procesamiento del uranio. Desde que comenzaron, estas actividades han generado numerosas sospechas de daños ambientales y problemas de salud pública. Por eso, analizamos como el INB contesta estas sospechas y se relaciona con las poblaciones afectadas por sus actividades. Argumentamos que el INB adopta una actitud que llamamos tecno-entusiasta y tecnocrática, lo que dificulta un debate público abierto y descentralizado sobre las controversias respecto a la minería de uranio.
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3.

Recomendaciones en salud ambiental para albergues temporales: lugar donde se proporciona temporalmente techo, alimentación, vestido y salud a personas vulnerables que no pueden quedarse en su casa, 11 de mayo del 2020/ Recommendations on Environmental Public Health for Temporary Shelters. Place where shelter, food, clothing, and health are temporarily provided to vulnerable people who cannot stay at home, 11 May 2020

Organización Panamericana de la Salud
| Idioma(s): Inglés; Español
La disponibilidad continua y gratuito de agua segura y productos de higiene y limpieza, son fundamentales para facilitar una higiene de manos adecuada, que con una gestión adecuada de los desechos en los espacios públicos prioritarios, se convierten en servicios esenciales para proteger la salud humana y contribuirán a prevenir la transmisión del SARS-COV-2 de persona a persona. This technical note presents the key actions to support and protect populations that make use of shelters and transit homes during the COVID-19 emergency. It includes the promotion of hygiene and self-care measures, waste management, sanitation, cleaning and disinfection of spaces, access to safe water, hand washing, and social distancing. It also proposes activities such as the adoption of prevention measures and training against the risk of infections.
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4.

Recomendaciones para medidas de salud pública ambiental durante la sequía y la conservación de agua, 11 de mayo del 2020/ Recommendations for Environmental Public Health Measures during Drought and Water Conservation, 11 May 2020

Organización Panamericana de la Salud
| Idioma(s): Español
Proporcionar acceso universal a las estaciones públicas de higiene de manos, con indicaciones precisas para su uso correcto. •Garantizar el suministro continuo de agua segura en las instalaciones de salud. •Asegurar que las instalaciones de atención a largo plazo y los espacios comunitarios cerrados tengan un suministro continuo de agua segura. •Asegurar el acceso de agua segura a no más de 500 metros de la residencia. •Abogar para el acceso continuo de agua segura para toda la población. •Instalar tanques de almacenamiento temporales en áreas desatendidas y donde haya un servicio interrumpido, con niveles de cloro residual de 0,5 mg/L. •Asegurar que los tanques de agua y los camiones cisterna tengan un nivel de cloro residual de 0,5-1 mg/L. •Asegurar que el nivel de cloro residual en todo el sistema de suministro y en el punto de uso es de 0,5 mg/L. •Fortalecer las acciones de vigilancia de la calidad del agua, especialmente en las zonas más afectadas. •Promover el almacenamiento seguro de agua en los hogares, como tanques elevados con tapas y grifos. •Promover tecnologías de bajo costo para garantizar la calidad del agua, como los filtros de agua domésticos. •Realizar la coordinación del sector salud, con el sector de agua y otros sectores relevantes para definir e implementar las intervenciones. •Abogar por la participación intersectorial (por ejemplo, sector del agua, agricultura) en los comités de emergencia y desastre de los paises. •Reparar las tuberías con fugas. •Establecer una prohibición sobre el uso de mangueras. • Recomendar el uso de sistemas de inodoros de bajo flujo (por diseño o modernizados) en áreas propensas a la sequía. •Realizar intervenciones de prevención que hayan demostrado ser efectivas contra el SARS-COV-2. This technical note contains recommendations for the public sector, the community, and health establishments to make rational use of water in conditions of low water availability due to drought.
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5.

Recommendations on Public Environmental Health in Health Care Facilities, 11 May 2020

Organización Panamericana de la Salud
| Idioma(s): Inglés
This technical note deals with the minimum environmental public health standards in health facilities, a key component for the safety of the patient, health personnel, visitors, and companions. Recommendations are provided on safe water, sanitation, solid waste, hand washing, and cleaning and disinfection. GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS: • Ensuring the water, sanitation, and hygiene of the health care facility is the responsibility of everyone: health personnel, facilities managers, service providers, patients, companions, and visitors. • Implement inspection and surveillance measures on water, sanitation, and hygiene conditions in health care facilities. • Ensure that all facility personnel are aware of the water, sanitation, and hygiene measures to be implemented, for example, actions to store water safely and how to guarantee its quality, health care waste management, etc. • Ensure that the health care facility has the basic water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities to operate, complying with national standards. • Adapt spaces or buildings for health care that ensure optimal conditions for the prevention of legionella outbreaks,2 in coordination with water operators and institutions responsible for environmental public health.
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6.

Recommendations on Environmental Public Health for Temporary Shelters. Place where shelter, food, clothing, and health are temporarily provided to vulnerable people who cannot stay at home, 11 May 2020

Pan American Health Organization
| Idioma(s): Inglés
This technical note presents the key actions to support and protect populations that make use of shelters and transit homes during the COVID-19 emergency. It includes the promotion of hygiene and self-care measures, waste management, sanitation, cleaning and disinfection of spaces, access to safe water, hand washing, and social distancing. It also proposes activities such as the adoption of prevention measures and training against the risk of infections. BE SURE TO • Strengthen the existing environmental public health surveillance system to ensure the continuity of services in those places. If it does not exist, develop a simple surveillance / monitoring system for environmental public health services. • Train health personnel, temporary shelter management and local volunteers on basic measures of Infection Control and Prevention (IPC) in public spaces and community areas, in coordination with all actors present in the shelter. • Adopt measures to ensure the equity of environmental public health services for all the most vulnerable people, including the elderly and people with special needs.
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7.

Recommendations for Environmental Public Health Measures during Drought and Water Conservation, 11 May 2020

Pan American Health Organization
| Idioma(s): Inglés
This technical note contains recommendations for the public sector, the community, and health establishments to make rational use of water in conditions of low water availability due to drought.
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8.

Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene Standards in Health Care Facilities, 11 May 2020

Pan American Health Organization
| Idioma(s): Inglés
This technical note contains indicators and minimum standards necessary for emergency response in the following topics: quantity of water, access to water, quality of water, sanitation, hygiene, solid waste, cleaning and disinfection, as well as dosages for the preparation of solutions disinfectants using sodium hypochlorite.
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9.

Environmental Public Health Recommendations for Collective Residential Places: Nursing Homes, Orphanages, and Other Collective Residential Places

Pan American Health Organization
| Idioma(s): Inglés
This technical note presents the main recommendations for collective residential places that provide services to groups of people in vulnerable conditions, such as nursing homes and orphanages, in the areas of drinking water, hand washing, surface cleaning, laundry, ventilation, and management of solid waste. Additionally, recommendations are provided to prepare 0.05% and 0.1% sodium hypochlorite solutions, depending on the needs for cleaning and prevention against SARS-COV-2 and other infectious agents.
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10.

Estándares de agua, saneamiento e higiene en los establecimientos de salud, 11 de mayo del 2020

Organización Panamericana de la Salud
| Idioma(s): Español
Esta ficha contiene indicadores y estándares mínimos necesarios para la respuesta a la emergencia en los siguientes temas: cantidad de agua, acceso al agua, calidad del agua, saneamiento, higiene, residuos sólidos, limpieza y desinfección, así como dosificaciones para la preparación de soluciones desinfectantes utilizando hipoclorito de sodio.
Resultados  1-10 de 43.029