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1.

Efectos del cambio climático en la salud de la población colombiana/ Efectos del cambio climático en la salud de la población colombiana

Rodríguez-Pacheco, Farid Leonardo; Jiménez-Villamizar, María Paola; Pedraza-Álvarez, Lilibeth Patricia
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| Idioma(s): Español
El cambio climático es uno de los fenómenos ambientales que se ha atribuido a la actividad humana, el cual ha afectado las actividades económicas, el bienestar de la población y los ecosistemas. El presente estudio tiene por objetivo identificar y describir los efectos directos e indirectos del cambio climático en la salud de la población que reside en Colombia a través de los casos de morbilidad y mortalidad asociados a la variabilidad climática, eventos climáticos e hidrometeorológicos en Colombia. Se realizó un estudio bibliométrico retrospectivo y descriptivo. En esta investigación se llevó a cabo la revisión de la página oficial de 33 revistas científicas nacionales del área Ciencias Médicas y de la Salud indexadas en el Índice Bibliográfico Nacional Publindex. Los resultados indican que las altas precipitaciones, sequías y las fluctuaciones de temperaturas tienen efectos en la trasmisión de enfermedades por vectores. La contaminación atmosférica está relacionada con el aumento de consultas por infecciones respiratorias y las altas temperaturas son consideradas un factor de riesgo en personas con diagnóstico por enfermedades cerebrovasculares y cardiacas. Climate change is one of the environmental phenomena attributed to human activity, which has affected economic activities, population welfare and ecosystems. This study aims to identify and describe the direct and indirect effects of climate change on the health of the population residing in Colombia through morbidity and mortality associated with variability climate, climate and hydrometeorological events in Colombia. A retrospective and descriptive bibliometric study was conducted. This research carried out the review of the official website of 33 national scientific journals in the area of Medical and Health Sciences indexed in the Publindex National Bibliographic Index. The results indicate that high rainfall, drought and temperature fluctuations have effects on vector disease transmission. Air pollution is associated with increased respiratory infections and high temperatures are considered a risk factor in people diagnosed with cerebrovascular and heart disease.
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2.

Health and climate change - Authors' reply.

Watts, Nick; Gong, Peng; Campbell-Lendrum, Diarmid; Costello, Anthony; Robinson, Elizabeth
| Idioma(s): Inglés
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3.

Quantifying the health impacts of future changes in temperature in California.

Ostro, Bart; Rauch, Stephen; Green, Shelley
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: Several epidemiological studies demonstrate associations between high summer temperatures and increased mortality. However, the quantitative implications of projected future increases in temperature have not been well characterized. OBJECTIVE: This study quantifies the effects of projected future temperatures on both mortality and morbidity in California, including the potential effects of mitigation. DATA AND METHODS: We first estimated the association between temperature and mortality for populations close to weather stations throughout the state. These dose-response estimates for mortality were then combined with local measures of current and projected changes in population, and projected changes in temperature, using a baseline of average temperatures from 1961 to 1990, for the years 2025 and 2050. The latter were based on two greenhouse gas emissions scenarios (A2 and B1) developed for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In addition, we assessed the impacts of future adaptation through use of air conditioners. Several sensitivity analyses were conducted to determine the likely range of estimates. RESULTS: These analyses indicate that for the high emissions scenario, the central estimate of annual premature mortality ranges from 2100 to 4300 for the year 2025 and from 6700 to 11,300 for 2050. The highest estimates are from the models that use age-specific dose-response functions, while the low estimates are from the models that adjust for ozone. Estimates using the low emissions scenario are roughly half of these estimates. Mitigation based on our estimates of the effects of 10% and 20% increase in air conditioner use would generate reductions of 16% and 33% in the years 2025 and 2050, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our estimates suggest significant public health impacts associated with future projected increases in temperature.
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5.

Cambio climático y salud: retos para Colombia/ Climate changue and health: challengues for Colombia

Cuartas, Daniel Elias; Méndez, Fabián
| Idioma(s): Español
El cambio climático impactará múltiples ámbitos de la sociedad, incluyendo la salud. Sus efectos en salud se deberán al aumento de la temperatura y al incremento/disminución de la precipitación y en especial al incremento de la frecuencia y magnitud de eventos climáticos extremos. El incremento de la morbilidad y mortalidad en salud se presentará a través de diversos mecanismos imbricados con elementos de los sistemas sociales y naturales de los socio - ecosistemas. La respuesta a dicha complejidad requiere abordajes y perspectivas interdisciplinarias que evalúen la vulnerabilidad de las poblaciones sensibles y que se piensen estrategias de adaptación adecuadas a los contextos locales. En este sentido el presente documento se propone describir los posibles efectos del cambio climático en la salud y plantea los principales retos para el estudio de dicha relación en el contexto Colombiano. Climate change will affect multiple areas of society, including health. Its health effects will be due to rising temperatures and increased / decreased precipitation and especially the increased frequency and magnitude of extreme weather events. Increased morbidity and mortality in health will be presented through various intertwined with elements of social and natural systems of socio mechanisms - ecosystems. The answer to this complexity requires interdisciplinary approaches and perspectives to assess the vulnerability of sensitive populations and adaptation strategies appropriate to local contexts think. In this sense, this document is to describe the possible effects of climate change on health and pose major challenges for the study of the relationship in the Colombian context.
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9.

Mudanças climáticas, mudanças produtivas e saúde: complexas interações na literatura nacional/ Climate change, changes in productivity and health: complex interactions in the national literature

Santos, Luciana; Oliveira, Jessica Eloísa; Maduro-Abreu, Alexandre; Litre, Gabriela; Sátiro, Guadalupe Souza; Soares, Danny de Castro
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Resumo Este artigo caracteriza a produção científica divulgada em periódicos nacionais sobre as interações que se estabelecem entre os conceitos de mudanças climáticas, mudanças produtivas (incluídas as mudanças no uso do solo) e saúde humana, nos últimos dez anos (de 2008 a 2017), com destaque para as tendências teórico-metodológicas dessa produção. Para tanto, realizou-se uma revisão da literatura a partir de publicações disponibilizadas nas bases Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) e Portal de Periódicos CAPES. Os resultados obtidos demonstraram os avanços experimentados nos últimos dez anos pelas equipes interdisciplinares que se debruçaram sobre o tema ao longo do período analisado, bem como permitem identificar lacunas de pesquisa que podem ser exploradas em investigações futuras. Adicionalmente, foi identificada uma positiva sofisticação e refinamento das ferramentas e instrumentos analíticos que se mostram capazes de reunir informações consistentes sobre uma realidade ampla e complexa, caracterizada pela diversidade dos biomas, cenários climáticos e sistemas produtivos. Abstract This article reviews the scientific output published in national journals on the interactions that are established between the concepts of climate change, productive changes (including changes in land use) and human health in the last ten years (from 2008 to 2017), highlighting the theoretical-methodological trends of this output. To achieve this, a review of the literature was made from publications made available in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) and the CAPES Journals Portal. The results obtained demonstrate the advances made in the last ten years by the interdisciplinary teams that dealt with the subject over the period analyzed. At the same time, this article identifies the research gaps that can be exploited in future research. In addition, a positive sophistication and refinement of analytical tools and instruments have been identified that are able to gather consistent information about a broad and complex reality characterized by the diversity of biomes, climatic scenarios and productive systems.
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10.

A review of quality of life (QOL) assessments and indicators: Towards a "QOL-Climate" assessment framework.

Estoque, Ronald C; Togawa, Takuya; Ooba, Makoto; Gomi, Kei; Nakamura, Shogo; Hijioka, Yasuaki; Kameyama, Yasuko
| Idioma(s): Inglés
Quality of life (QOL), although a complex and amorphous concept, is a term that warrants attention, especially in discussions on issues that touch on the impacts of climate change and variability. Based on the principles of RepOrting standards for Systematic Evidence Synthesis, we present a systematic review aimed at gaining insights into the conceptualization and methodological construct of previous studies regarding QOL and QOL-related indexes. We find that (i) QOL assessments vary in terms of conceptual foundations, dimensions, indicators, and units of analysis, (ii) social indicators are consistently used across assessments, (iii) most assessments consider indicators that pertain to the livability of the environment, and (iv) QOL can be based on objective indicators and/or subjective well-being, and on a composite index or unaggregated dimensions and indicators. However, we also find that QOL assessments remain poorly connected with climate-related issues, an important research gap. Our proposed "QOL-Climate" assessment framework, designed to capture the social-ecological impacts of climate change and variability, can potentially help fill this gap.
Resultados  1-10 de 2.089