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1.

Carta de Porto Alegre sobre Saúde Planetária (1º Simpósio Internacional de Saúde Planetária, Porto Alegre, 2017)/ Porto Alegre Charter on Planetary Health (1st International Symposium on Planetary Health, Porto Alegre, 2017)/ Carta de Porto Alegre sobre Salud Planetaria (1º Simposio Internacional de Salud Planetaria, Porto Alegre, 2017)

Sirena, Sergio Antonio; Baldisserotto, Julio; Stein, Airton Tetelbon; Dora, Carlos; Barros, Enrique; Jotz, Geraldo Pereira
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Os participantes do 1º Simpósio Internacional de Saúde Planetária, reunidos em Porto Alegre, propõem que se dissemine a discussão do tema e se articule a resposta e a contribuição do sistema de saúde aos crescentes desafios que enfrenta a saúde da população decorrentes da mudança climática, poluição, redução da biodiversidade e outros fatores ambientais The participants of the 1st International Symposium on Planetary Health, held in Porto Alegre, propose to disseminate the discussion of the theme and articulate the response and contribution of the health system to the growing challenges facing the health of the population due to climate change, pollution, reduction of biodiversity and other environmental factors. Los participantes del 1º Simposio Internacional de Salud Planetaria, reunidos en Porto Alegre, proponen la diseminación de la discusión del tema y articulación de la respuesta y la contribución del sistema de salud a los crecientes desafíos que enfrenta la salud de la población derivada del cambio climático, contaminación, reducción de la biodiversidad y otros factores ambientales.
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4.

[Environment and health: priorities for preventive medicine].

Rakhmanin, Yu A; Mikhaylova, R I
| Idioma(s):
Contemporary environmental factors influencing the formation of the environment and public health have been analyzed The increasing chemical pollution of the environment (air water, soil, living environment), and the intensification of the impact of physical factors in the first place, "electromagnetic smog" associated with the widespread use of appliances and computer equipment, cellular threaten public health have been shown. In this connection, there were determined priorities and main directions of research in the platform "Preventive Environment", approved by Ministry of Health of Russia, which is based on the concept of the factor prevention of noninfectious diseases.
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5.

Prioritizing environmental issues around the world: opinions from an international Central and Eastern European environmental health conference.

Craft, Elena S; Donnelly, Kirby C; Neamtiu, Iulia; McCarty, Kathleen M; Bruce, Erica; Surkova, Irina; Kim, David; Uhnakova, Iveta; Gyorffy, Erika; Tesarova, Eva; Anderson, Beth
| Idioma(s): Inglés
BACKGROUND: As the next generation of scientists enters the field of environmental health, it is imperative that they view their contributions in the context of global environmental stewardship. In this commentary, a group of international graduate students facilitated by three experienced environmental health scientists present their views on what they consider to be the global environmental health concerns of today. This group convened initially in October 2004 at an international health conference in Prague, Czech Republic. OBJECTIVES: In this report we identify perceived environmental health concerns that exist around the world, with a focus on Central and Eastern Europe. Additionally, we address these perceived problems and offers some potential solutions. DISCUSSION: At the meeting, students were invited to participate in two panel discussions. One group of young international scientists identified several significant global environmental health concerns, including air pollution, occupational hazards, and risk factors that may exacerbate current environmental health issues. The second panel determined that communication, education, and regulation were the mechanisms for addressing current environmental challenges. CONCLUSIONS: In this commentary we expand on the views presented at the meeting and represent the concerns of young investigators from nine different countries. We provide ideas about and support the exchange of information between developed and developing countries on how to handle the environmental health challenges that face the world today.
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6.

Es el plomo empleado en deportes (caza, tiro y pesca deportiva) un problema de salud pública infravalorado?/ [Is lead used in sports (hunting, shooting and angling) an underestimated public health problem?].

Guitart, Raimon; Thomas, Vernon G
| Idioma(s): Español
Ammunition and fishing weights used in recreational hunting, shooting and fishing sports have been made traditionally with lead. In Spain, for example, hunters and shooters are responsible for the dispersion of some 6000 tonnes of the heavy metal yearly, into wetland and dryland areas, and an estimated 100 tonnes are contributed by anglers to the aquatic zones. The few legal measures that several countries have adopted banning the use of the lead in these sports are based on the irrefutable proof that every year millions of birds were poisoned lethally, due to the inadvertent ingestion of lead shot and sinkers found in their habitats. We analyzed whether the present conservationist approach to the problem is suitable, and if the evidence of damage to human beings is, or is not, sufficient to warrant even more prohibitive measures, especially because, in children, there is no safe exposure to lead. We conclude that in some areas adequate information already exists, although in others the toxicological-epidemiological studies are still scanty, suggesting that the topic has been given little attention. We are concerned that the Precautionary Principle has not been applied to solve this problem whose health effects will be more long-term than immediate, especially given the array of lead substitutes available.
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7.

Segurança química, saúde e ambiente: perspectivas para a governança no contexto brasileiro./ [Chemical safety, health, and environment: prospects for governance in the Brazilian context].

Freitas, Carlos Machado de; Porto, Marcelo Firpo S; Moreira, Josino Costa; Pivetta, Fatima; Machado, Jorge M Huet; Freitas, Nilton B B de; Arcuri, Arline S
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Chemical safety is acknowledged by Agenda 21 as one of the most serious problems worldwide, involving governance at the national and international levels. In Brazil, chemical safety problems have increased in intensity and extent, far beyond the capacity to deal with them. The problems are all the more serious in Brazil because issues of democracy, security, sustainability, and equity, all fundamental to governance, are still incipient and still far from being solved. New societal arrangements and a new, contextualized and more participatory science form the basis for developing and expanding strategies for governance to deal with the problem of chemical safety.
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8.

Microbiology as an indicator of environmental health of Ilha Comprida lagoons- SP/ Microbiologia como indicador da saúde ambiental das lagoas de Ilha Comprida - SP

Barbieri, Edison; Collaço, Fátima Lisboa; Doi, Sônia Assami; Oliveira, Ana Julia Fernandes Cardoso de; Rezende, Karina Fernandes Oliveira
| Idioma(s): Inglés; Portugués
With an area of 150 Km², the municipality of Ilha Comprida has limited sources of freshwater, sediments and nutrients. However, the sanitary aspects, aiming at Public Health, should be evaluated by determining the densities and the distribution of fecal pollution indicators, mainly bacteria from the group of thermotolerant coliforms. Thus, the objective of this work was to analyze the seasonal variations in the densities of thermotolerant coliforms in the lagoons of the municipality of Ilha Comprida (SP). For that, water samples were collected, in the period between 2014 and 2016, in lagoons of 13 localities (Juruvaúva, City Mar Sul, City Mar Norte, São Januário, Jardim Portugal, Atlântico, Icaraí, Adriana Sul, Adriana Norte, Porto Velho 2, Xandú, Jardim da Barra, Laguna Ponta da Praia) located in the municipality of Ilha Comprida (SP). The results showed that 21.90% of the samples were above the limit established by CONAMA. High densities of bacteria were found in the Icaraí lagoon. The highest averages of thermotolerant coliform densities were recorded in summer and spring. It is concluded that the seasonal variation interferes with the density of thermotolerant coliforms Com uma área de 150 km², o município de Ilha Comprida tem fontes limitadas de água doce, sedimentos e nutrientes. No entanto, os aspectos sanitários, que visam a Saúde Pública, devem ser avaliados determinando as densidades e a distribuição de indicadores de poluição fecal, principalmente bactérias do grupo de coliformes termotolerantes. Assim, o objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar as variações sazonais nas densidades de coliformes termotolerantes nas lagoas do município de Ilha Comprida (SP). Para isso, foram coletadas amostras de água, no período entre 2014 e 2016, em lagoas de 13 localidades (Juruvaúva, Cidade do Mar do Sul, Cidade do Mar do Norte, São Januário, Jardim Portugal, Atlântico, Icaraí, Adriana Sul, Adriana Norte, Porto Velho 2, Xandú, Jardim da Barra, Laguna Ponta da Praia), localizada no município de Ilha Comprida (SP). Os resultados mostraram que 21,90% das amostras estavam acima do limite estabelecido pelo CONAMA. Foram encontradas altas densidades de bactérias na lagoa de Icaraí. As médias mais elevadas das densidades de coliformes termotolerantes foram registradas no verão e na primavera. Conclui-se que a variação sazonal interfere com a densidade de coliformes termotolerantes
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9.

Processo sócio-sanitário-ambiental da poluição por agrotóxicos na bacia dos rios Juruena, Tapajós e Amazonas em Mato Grosso, Brasil/ Socio-sanitary-environmental process of pesticides in the basin of the rivers Juruena, Tapajós and Amazonas in Mato Grosso, Brazil

Oliveira, Luã Kramer de; Pignati, Wanderlei; Pignatti, Marta Gislene; Beserra, Lucimara; Leão, Luís Henrique da Costa
| Idioma(s): Portugués
Resumo O objetivo do estudo foi compreender o processo de poluição ambiental por agrotóxicos nos municípios de Campo Novo do Parecis, Sapezal e Campos de Júlio, em Mato Grosso, Brasil. Utilizou-se modelo interpretativo integrado, multidimensionado e contextualizado, que compreende o fenômeno da contaminação como processo histórico, sócio-sanitário-ambiental, de modo a superar a abordagem restrita aos resultados das análises laboratoriais. Identificou-se no processo de poluição química rural real que os latifúndios, onde são produzidos anualmente milhões de toneladas de produtos agrícolas, são os principais responsáveis pelo uso de agrotóxicos, gerando processos de poluição ambiental e doenças no ser humano. Na poluição química rural atual, destacou-se uso elevado de agrotóxicos por habitante (350 a 600 litros/habitante) e do herbicida glifosato nas plantações de soja transgênica (45% do volume total), e as recentes autorizações do uso do inseticida benzoato de emamectina e da soja e do milho transgênicos resistentes ao herbicida 2,4-D. A aplicação deste modelo interpretativo ampliado permitiu expandir o olhar científico, incorporando aspectos indispensáveis para a compreensão do impacto negativo dos agrotóxicos à saúde e ao ambiente e para construção de ações coletivas de prevenção de doenças e promoção da saúde no contexto do agronegócio brasileiro. Abstract This study aimed to understand the process of pesticide-related environmental pollution in the cities of Campo Novo do Parecis, Sapezal, and Campos de Júlio, in Mato Grosso, Brazil. We used an integrated, multidimensional, and contextualized interpretative model, which understands the phenomenon of contamination as a historical, social-sanitary-environmental process, to overcome an approach restricted to the results of laboratory tests. In the real process of rural chemical pollution, we identified that latifundiums, where millions of metric tons of agricultural products are produced per year, are the main areas with pesticide use, causing environmental pollution and diseases in people. In the current rural chemical pollution, we highlight the high use of pesticides per inhabitant (350 to 600 liters per inhabitant) and of the herbicide glyphosate on plantations of transgenic soybean (45% of total volume) and the recent authorizations for the use of the insecticide emamectin benzoate and 2,4-D-resistant transgenic soybean and corn. The application of this broadened interpretative model allowed us to expand our scientific perspective, incorporating essential aspects to understand the negative impact of pesticides on health and the environment and to build collective actions of disease prevention and health promotion in the context of Brazilian agribusiness.
Resultados  1-10 de 1.552